10 – Reflect + Propose

Reflection

As mentioned in my previous posts [08 and 09] I came into this week’s tutorial session with a fairly sound proposal in mind, one that I already felt quite strongly about pursuing. In essence, this design responds to the association of ‘choice’ with mental health and seeks to defy the limitations placed on the identity of those who are ill.

When proposing the functionality of the generative website it was suggested that a level of curation will still need to be involved. The purpose of which wouldn’t be to limit responses to those that I personally agree or identify with, but rather to determine whether they are indeed related to the issue and respectful to the actors involved.

Whilst explaining the intended digital and physical output of my generative design proposal it became evident that as a curated design, the postcard series does also fall within the sphere of poetic data visualisation.

The most interesting aspect of the postcards is the idea of combining statements to illustrate an intriguing, humorous or critical point. Furthermore, the continued engagement beyond the parameters of the original design would be interesting to explore. A hashtag could be attributed to the project to encourage sharing of stories and further increasing the reach of the work, which ultimately seeks to provoke open discussion and prompt genuine understanding. By including a hashtag on the postcards further statements can be sourced to feed back into the original generative website format.

draft proposal sketches
Draft proposal sketches

Continue reading “10 – Reflect + Propose”

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07 – Benefits of Collaborative Mapping

The process of collaborating on several issue map exercises was undertaken across several weeks. The role of which was to augment and consolidate previous work with a refined and specific focal point on the problems within mental health. Whilst the content of these maps did tend to overlap, the manner through which the various approaches were presented allowed for fresh perspectives and ideation.

Continue reading “07 – Benefits of Collaborative Mapping”

blog 7- Mental Health Issue Mapping

By Marcella K. Handoko Kwee


 

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Our mental health mapping is all started with lack of knowledge, which is also related to stigma. Some of the group members, including myself have been working on the issue mental health stigma. According to mindmap, mental health stigma does exist in or is caused by a number of different areas/factors. One of them is society’s behaviours tend to make assumptions/judgements based on idealised image of standard living quality or social trends, which can create even more pressure to those living with mental illness. As a result, mentally-ill people are being portrayed negatively by society. One of the research articles stated that media is also the cause of people with mental illness being portrayed negatively. In relation to above statements, society’s assumptions/judgements are shaped by idealised image of standard living quality or social trends that has been advertised through media with society as their main target audience.

I also want to share my own experience that I have just learned from other outside the team. This person and I were having small conversation somewhere outside campus and then this person asked me how my week was. I then replied by saying my week was quite tough that I have been catching up with blog posts related to mental health. I will be having presentation on this issue in a couple of week. Then this person said, you could bring mentally-ill person to show up in your presentation. I replied by saying mentally-ill people look just like normal people in appearance, at least to me unless they are truly crazy people. At the end of discussion, this person did not look convinced.

Back to the topic of this writing, culture as well as religion also play huge roles within society. With the government rules the society, there is shift in social focus in stigma. However, what I have learnt from the group discussion is that in case of social focus, there is difference between American and Japanese culture. American culture is exclusive while Japanese culture is inclusive. According to the dictionaries, exclusive is “excluding or not admitting other things”: “unable to exist or be true if something else exists or is true”, “(of terms) excluding all but what is specified.” and “restricted to the person, group, or area concerned.” Lastly, there is something called biological limitations: chemistry, physicalities and not superficial mechanisms, which are another cause.

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From there, the group decided to take another step by doing controversy issue mapping between biology vs mentality (genetics, social pressures of gender roles which also link to social status and imbalance economy situations causing social gap), religion vs politics/culture (standard of living in the past and present) and needs vs wants (communication, the truth but also attention seeking). Focus on the needs vs wants matter of issue alone, education, health care and community connections which are family and individual/collective support systems (human contact, internet) are the most needed and wanted of all, following by infrastructure and transport. Something interesting associated with family connections was discussed in the group. It is being referred as love language. There are 5 love languages, which are words, quality time, receiving gifts, service and physical touch. Each person might have multiple love languages and everyone has got different love language.

I can relate group’s way of thinking in terms of needs vs wants to my research article. According to the article, group of paramedics, people who are qualified for medical jobs also ‘need and want’ health services and community connections. Once a paramedic desperately looked for the truth of paramedic support program’s poor management through emails from co-workers. It is believed that the support program was inadequate to deal with paramedics’ serious mental illness. Here the need is community connections. With the lack of community connections (human contact, internet), this paramedic would not be able to find the truth, which could either be the need or the want.

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Talking about Mental Health on Twitter

Post 6

To research and gain insight into how mental health is portrayed, discussed and talked about on the social media platform, a web scraping exercise was undertaken on the Twitter website. It reaped interesting results and observations as Twitter is used by people with different objectives. These include individuals who choose to post on twitter their personal stories or comments about ongoing social issues, some celebrities or ‘officials’ choose it to portray only the positive sides of themselves or some as a way of simply using it as an easy network to connect with people and follow (or sometimes cyber stalk) other people.

To start with a general idea first, my twitter rule using the google sheets web scraper was the words ‘mental health’ written in English, anywhere in the world. The results were immense – up to 10,000 before I had to stop incase the page crashed. Despite the overflow, I did find some interesting posts and how mental health is talked about.

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Some were supportive organisations or individuals posting links, photos and other sources to help raise awareness of mental health which then people chose to retweet or comment on. These friendly and approachable tweets were easily found but the tweets I found most interesting were personal, raw and upfront tweets from individuals expressing themselves and their experience or opinion about mental health. To find these more personal stories, I added a rule to find tweets including the hashtag #mentalhealth.

*These posts which were possible to see as their account was on ‘public’ allowing anyone to be able to see what they post.

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Going through these findings, it was noticeable that there were much more ‘organisations’ or ‘support pages’ posting links and photos than individuals who comment on their opinion or share their experience with the mental health issue which still highlights the big possibility of the stigma and taboo nature of mental health.

Written by Helen Chang

blog 4- The FIVE Project

By Marcella K. Handoko Kwee


 

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(DADAA 2012)

“Mental illness is nothing to be ashamed of, but stigma and bias shame us all.” – Bill Clinton

Stigma on mental health has been a popular discussion amongst media and some other areas. Once a quote by Bill Clinton says “Mental illness is nothing to be ashamed of, but stigma and bias shame us all.” In the past few years, many different groups of organisation and designer have been enthusiastically working towards better understanding of mental health stigma, the impacts and solutions to the issue. One of the projects is called ‘The Five Project’.

‘The Five Project’ is a project focused in addressing the challenge of mental health stigma in the area of Western Australia run by DADAA, a community arts and cultural development organisation in collaboration with local governments, local arts and health organisations and Rio Tinto.  In the past 2 years, about 7,000 number of people has participated in the FIVE Project in finding local responses toward mental health and well-being as well as regional identity and the unique impacts of FIFO, Fly-In-Fly-Out and residential mining phenomena. “FIVE took 18 months to conceive and design but like all community arts processes, the reality has been organic and reliant on many tangibles.” Both FIFO and residential mining communities have developed some unique needs which associate with mental health and well-being, and social connectivity. According to Mental Health 2020 notes, mental issue amongst FIFO workers and their relatives happen as the result of long work shifts that separate them from family and friends. Further information can also be found in their website, see http://www.five.org.au.

‘The Five Project’ aims to reduce mental health stigma through arts and cultural interventions. Based on the framework by CACD, Community of Arts and Cultural Development, health promotion as well as prevention and recovery models are included in the project hoping the project could bring differences, particularly on the participants, DADAA and communities. Some of the goals are to reduce social isolation and increase engagements in mental health issue in participants, particularly in those who live in rural and remote region likely to have experienced social isolation; have open communication with DADD organisation: address, discuss and express the issue around mental health; for DADD organisation to support local arts and cultural products; increase well-being and awareness around mental health issue as well as create sense of togetherness amongst communities.

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(DADAA 2012)

Reducing mental health stigma through arts and cultural interventions

“FIVE engaged professional artists – Craig Walsh, Hiromi Tango, Alex Mickle, Nicole Mickle, Trevor Flynn, Sonal Kantaria and other artists working through local partnerships – and aimed to produce a collective narrative, predominantly through sculpture and film, that would engage participants in conversations around notions of caring, belonging and connecting to community.” The main factor that align with the core principles of participatory arts engagement, which artists’ professionalism is measured based on their capacity of professionalism and their skill as community artists.

The use of active arts project to address the issue of mental health stigma in FIFO workers and mining communities which is become embedded in Rio Tinto is a strategy to draw workers and their families’ attentions in order to participate in the movement project. In Busselton, which is one of the source communities for Rio Tinto for example, they conducted an event of ephemeral arts project over nine days in the Ludlow Forest on the Leschenault Peninsula with FIFO wives and relatives being the target. With Rio Tinto being a company specialising in mental wellbeing strategy and execution plan: education and training, raising awareness, support healthy lifestyles, facilitating family connection with the employees, etc, hopefully ‘The Five Project’ can create differences in mental health outcomes amongst individuals, families and communities.

References
Doyle, D., Lewis, A. n.d., ‘The FIVE project—addressing the stigma of mental health through community arts engagement’, 13th National Rural Health Conference, DADAA, Western Australia, viewed 21 August 2016, <http://www.ruralhealth.org.au/13nrhc/images/paper_Doyle,%20David_Lewis,%20Andrea.pdf&gt;

DADD 2012, FIVE: Mental Health in Regional WA – LâR: David Doyle (Executive Director, DADAA), Eddie Bartnik (WA Mental Health Commissioner), Andrea Mitchell (Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Health and Disability Services), Michael Gollschewski (Managing Director of Pilbara Mines for Rio Tinto) at the launch of FIVE, viewed 22 August 2016, <http://www.dadaa.org.au/project/4/five/&gt;

 

BlogThree -Mental Health Human and Non-human Participants

The dimensional and dynamic interface of Mental Health: well-being and illness

The issue of mental health and its perplex dynamic dimensions it inhabits, actions a movement between human and nonhuman participants. Due to its subjective nature within a concrete construct of physicality, the actors floating portrayal is completely deliberate. Each factor is circumstantial to the individual. Other than the individual themselves, the belief that media and the environment are also influential contributing aggravations.

STAKEHOLDER MAP

 

 

BlogOne – The Blame Game: Mental Health

Mental Health as the undefined controversy

Blog One

Mental Health is a term that is consumed by personal, educational and cultural interfaces. The essence of its integrity within today’s world is one that is near impossible to rightly define and to gain access to. Independent learning is a secondary practice, with the primary educator is the media, absorbed mostly in a unconscious impacting presence.
In a society that is filled with artificial interfaces created by media and lifestyle heightened expectations, the discourse of mental health has been completely morphed into a abstract entity.  Constantly focused on endless solutions or someone to blame for the negative stigmas against mental health, it is more than apparent that we truly have no idea. The reality of the concept is through the exposure and research into very recent secondary sourced articles. The authors control over the issue is the apparent, however the inquisition to the exposition of the stigma of mental health needs interogating!

Caitlyn Gribbin a federal political reporter along with national affairs correspondent Greg Jennett for ABC news are influential journalists. Each narrators actively inform through the active assertion of entertaining the public with political news in an accessible interface. ABC news prides themselves for providing the latest breaking news delivering a

 contemporary, continuous news service that reflects the reputation for quality, trust and independence and embraces all the opportunities enabled by digital technology.”
(ABC News 24, 2016, para. 2)

However the article explaining Malcom Turnbulls push to investigate Australian terror suspect’s mental health files as a key to unlock future attacks is a construct of propaganda- significantly diminishing the perception of mental health within the construct of society. As the journalists focus on the government enforcing national security, they are painting a stigma of brutality and terror when discussion the issue of mental illness.

The authors use of the phrase ‘terror suspects links to mental illness’ (Gribbin, 2016, para. 6) without support of evidence or truth. The article becomes an implicit bias piece of writing, masked by the reputable prominence of the trustworthy ABC news. By enlightening the public with the ‘great actions’ in which the Australian government is heroically trying to perform for national security, the sheer victimisation of the topic of mental health is heavily misconstrued. The two journalists positions are unsurprisingly enhancing the blame game towards the preconceived notion of danger when discussing the conduct of mental health.

Bianca Hall legal affairs reporter for The Age based in Melbourne Australia, constructs an notification against the urgency of the Crisis of the Mental Health sector within Australia. Hall regularly writes articles concerning legal affairs with the use of informed facts and primary sources on each topic she engages with. With the expert interjection of Professor Patrick McGorry and the explicit use of dialogue including crisis with mental Health, again the negative stigma surrounding the issue is amplified. She does not present herself as an expect on Australia’s mental health, however presents a sturdy platform for Patrick McGorry a psychiatrist and professor of youth mental heath at the University of Melbourne.

Hall forms an urgent position towards the attention needed for the Commonwealth of Australia, both politicians and the public to realise the necessity of more funds needed within the mental health sector.

The Commonwealth Government currently spends about $10 billion a year on mental health but Professor McGorry said about half of this was spent on welfare payments, which were “the cost of failure, not the cost of direct care”. It’s estimated 50 per cent of Australians suffer mental illness at some point in their lives.” (Hall, 2015 para. 4)

Hall cleverly inserts facts that will shock the general public with the neglect within the mental health Australia. However Hall places an enhanced blame towards  politicians for the size of Mental Health issues within Australia, without presenting any factors that have contributed to the lack of accessibility of mental health services. Constructive prompts are severely lacking to provide possible solutions for the failure of accessing mental health care within Australia.

Sarah Griffiths approach to engage with the hot topic concerning Mental Health motivating its audiences to redefine societies ability to blame the issues concerning Mental Health upon leading consumer brands. Griffith writes on trending social pieces for the British based gossip forum The Daily Mail about anything that will attenuate audiences in for the sake of entertainment value.

Griffith’s capitalisation against the well identified brands Apple and Samsung, is a perfect case study/ victim to pin against the continuation of the issues of Mental Health in a globalised sense. Griffith highlights their lack of attention for informative voice return commands when inquiring about mental health to the device programs of Siri and Samsung S Voice.

‘The smartphones were found to be of little help when a user says ‘I am depressed’. Not one of the conversational agents referred the users to a depression helpline.’
(Griffith, 2016, para. 16)

Griffiths intentional use of ‘shock value’ is hilariously ironic through the demonstration of the technologies lack of ability to provide solutions. Griffiths as an author provides no informed key to counteract the issue she presents within the technological accessibility through globalisation.

Simone Mitchell a lifestyle editor writes for the Sydney paper, The Daily Telegraph, an ‘informative, compassionate and sympathetic’ (The Daily Telegraph, 2016, para. 2) source for readers. However Mitchell extremely un-compassionately narrates an extremely dimensional and complex portion of Mental Health to one that is objectified and simplified to a scientific break through.

Through the narration of a primary source Nic Newling along with the studies of Macquarie University Professor Gilles Giullemin, the author draws audiences into a one dimensional  detection. Quite simply mental illness’s are black and white- forming an identity through the simple process of a naïve blood test diagnosis. Although the science breakthrough is not fabricated, the unsympathetic and desensitised direction Mitchell formed when forming the article is simply outrageous.

As a lifestyle writer, surely Mitchell is able to grasp intricate manifestations within the issues of Mental Health, to create a contextual and well-executed piece directed towards Mental Health. Again ignorance is well established when addressing Mental Health within present day Australia.

Bettina Friedrich, University of Sydney Academic Researcher, finally and decisively speaks out against media’s false construct that terror attacks have placed on the speculation of Mental Health Problems. Friedrich amplifies the media’s influence upon societies negative stigma towards mental health issues, and the almost shaming label it places upon individuals.

The Academic researcher, provides her well-informed opinions on The Conversation Media Group, a not for profit, independent media outlet, enabling her words to be accessed for the need of genuine discussion upon other reputable sources.

While aggressive and violent behaviour can of course occur in people with depression (like in all other people), it is not a symptom. It is important for officials and the media to use the right wording so it does not feed into the misconception that violent behaviour is typical of those with mental health problems; it is especially not typical of people with depression.” (Friedrich, 2016, para. 14)

The position Friedrich takes is extremely refreshing as she explains that the Media needs to be extremely mindful when writing about mental health issues in conjunction with aggressive behaviours;

Stigmatising reporting of an incident with high public attention can increase stigma and quickly undo positive effects that years of educational campaigning around mental health might have achieved”. (Friedrich, 2016, para. 19)

The author amplifies the term ‘stigma’ relative to the subjects of mental health, and illustrates the immense damage it is causing. It is extensively clear that the term ‘mental health’ is a concerning issue with a cyclonic devastating scare that it has and continues to make within Australia.

It is extremely difficult for the general public to openly discover what defining actuality of mental health. The largest attainable platform, the media, is not permitting it. The only aspects we have a colossal amount of access to are the possible agents to blame for the issues of the negative placement of mental health within an individuals environment.

ABC News 24 2016, ABC News 24:About, viewed 3 August 2016 <http://www.abc.net.au/news/abcnews24/about/&gt;

Gribbin, C 2016. Malcom Turnbull says Government could probe terror suspects’ link to mental illness, past criminal behaviour, ABC News, viewed 3 August 2016, <http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-22/terrorism-link-to-mental-illness-and-criminal-behaviour-probed/7650258&gt;

Hall, B. 2015, Australia in the middle of “mental health crisis” with unnecessary deaths escalating, The Age, Melbourne, viewed 4 August 2016, <http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/australia-in-the-middle-of-mental-health-crisis-with-unnecessary-deaths-escalating-20150916-gjnqpd.html&gt;

The Daily Telegraph.2016, The Daily Telegraph:About, Sydney, viewed 10 August 2016, <http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/help/about&gt;

Mitchell, B. 2016, Deadly chemical that could be hiding in your blood, The Daily Telegraph, Sydney, viewed 11 August 2016, <https://the dailytelegraph.com/-deadly-chemical-simone-mitchell-22501>

Friedrich,B. 2016, From act of terrorism to mental health symptom: we’re shifting blame but at what cost?, The Conversation, Sydney, viewed 9 August 2016 <https://theconversation.com/from-act-of-terrorism-to-mental-health-symptom-were-shifting-blame-but-at-what-cost-63060&gt;

 

blog 2- When Mental Health Meets Negativity

By Marcella K. Handoko Kwee


A life without stigma; Structural Stigma and Mental Illness

Barbara Hocking OAM
SANE Australia
2013

Tracy Pugh, MHS, Mark Hatzenbuehler, PhD, and Bruce Link, PhD
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University
August 2015

Online news and newspaper have given me insights into the effects stigma has created on the lives of people diagnosed with or suffered from mental health issue. Many experts remain skeptical about mental problem is the major cause of people aggressively committing several serious offences, such as violent attacks. It is important to have deep understanding of how stigma is being done in different areas of impact, particularly social justice system and media associated with criminal acts. To understand this issue, OAM (2013) in “A life without stigma” and Pugh et al (2015) in “Structural Stigma and Mental Illness” can help explain it.

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(Slack 2009)

Many experts remain skeptical about mental problem is the major cause of people aggressively committing several serious offences, such as violent attacks.

“SANE Australia is a national charity helping all Australians affected by mental illness.” (SANE n.d.) SANE aims to reduce mental health stigma, prevent suicide and improve the overall health of affected people. The author, Barbara Hocking OAM has been Executive Director of SANE Australia since 1995. In 2012, she left the position. However, she has published her writings on the boards of SANE and RUOK? Limited. One of the authors of second report, Tracy Pugh has been interested in understanding the intersections of punishment, stigma and policy. “She has extensive experience engaging in policy research and advocacy related to health disparities and social justice in partnership with nonprofits, government agencies, community stakeholders, advocates, and policy makers.” (Columbia University n.d.)

Both articles examined the issue in which stigma has manifested in media (OAM 2013 & Pugh et al 2015) and social justice system (Pugh et al 2015). For those with mental issue who have been involved in violence often experience stigma in an area called criminal justice system, which is “a notable area where there has been increasing concern regarding how people with mental illness are disadvantaged compared to people without mental illness.” (Pugh et al 2015) They are treated unfairly, including laws that make people with mental ilness, referred as PMI vulnerable to arrest, poor services and support for them compared to people without mental illness. (Livingston 2013, cited in Pugh et al 2015) These findings indicate that criminal laws are designed to unfairly target people with mental issue (Pugh et al 2015).

According to Blitz, Wolff and Shi (2008, cited in Pugh et al 2015), and Human Rights Watch (2015, cited in Pugh et al 2015), PMI in comparisson to people without MI are more likely to face higher rates of being abused by staff and surroundings, being prisoned longer (Livingston 2013, cited in Pugh et al 2015) and receiving technical violations (Louden & Skeem 2013, cited in Pugh et al 2015).

It has been found “negative stereotyping and portrayals of PMI, often in a violent and sensationalized context that links PMI to dangerousness and crime”

As the stigma problem has also manifested in the media, OAM (2013), Edney (2004, cited in Pugh et al 2015), and Granello & Pauley (2000, cited in Pugh et al 2015) have similar point of view, media is so powerful that it can influence public reactions or perceptions toward PMI, and is also the main source where public collects information on mental health. Mental issue often being exposed negatively by media. It has been found “negative stereotyping and portrayals of PMI, often in a violent and sensationalized context that links PMI to dangerousness and crime” (Klin & Lemish 2008, cited in Pugh et al 2015; OAM 2013), depicts mental health treatment will not change anything (Sartorius et al 2010 & Schulze 2007, cited in Pugh et al 2015) and recovery is if possible (Schulze 2007, cited in Pugh et al 2015). Angermeyer, Dietrich, Pott, & Matschinger (2005, cited in Pugh et al 2015) stated “Using a nationally representative population survey in Germany, Angermeyer and colleagues (2005) found media consumption, particularly television and tabloids, to be associated with increased desirability for social distance from PMI”. Either positive or negative influences, it is all started with the media.

References

OAM, B.H. 2013, A Life Without Stigma, SANE Australia, South Melbourne, viewed 7 August 2016, <https://www.sane.org/images/PDFs/ALifeWithoutStigma_A_SANE_Report.pdf&gt;

T Pugh, M Hatzenbuehler, B Link. 2015, Structural Stigma and Mental Illness, Mailman School of Public, Columbia University, viewed 7 August 2016, <http://sites.nationalacademies.org/cs/groups/dbassesite/documents/webpage/dbasse_170045.pdf&gt;

TheMHS 2012, Barbara Hocking, OAM, Balmain, Australia, viewed 15 August 2016, <http://www.themhs.org/resources/462/barbara-hocking-oam&gt;

SANE Australia n.d., About SANE Australia, South Melbourne, Australia, viewed 15 August 2016, <https://www.sane.org/about-sane&gt;

Columbia University: Columbia Population Research Centre n.d., Tracy Pugh, New York, viewed 15 August 2016, <http://cupop.columbia.edu/people/tracy-pugh&gt;

blog 1- The Other Side of Mind You Have Forgotten

By Marcella K. Handoko Kwee


Blog-19-art-300x242
(When Our Mental Health System Fails 2013)

From act of terrorism to mental health symptom: we’re shifting blame but at what cost?

Bettina Friedrich
July 29, 2016

Bettina Friedrich has contributed one of her articles to be published by The Conversation Australia in July 29, 2016. Based on her education, experience and interest bibliographies, Bettina Friedrich is an expert in psychology and research field with special interest in mental health stigma and policy research, especially in “how far media contributes to mental health related stigma and how media can be used to educate about mental health”.

The article “From act of to terrorism to mental health symptom: we’re shifting blame but at what cost?” emphasises on the issue of mental health stigma and media ethics. The main targets of the publication are officials, media and public with the purpose to report and examine the issue as well as instruct the target audiences. Based on research, Friedrich (2016) reported that media and society tend to overestimate the behaviour of aggression or aggressiveness in people with mental issue. An instance, media and officials speculated on mental health as the cause of the attacks carried out by Muslim men in Germany. Although some were concerned the attacks had something to do with the specific religion or ethnicity. I partly agree that should not officials and media start shifting the blame from an act of terrorism to health condition for the sake of racism and chaos prevention in the region.

It is clear how Friedrich cannot stress enough how stigmatising can affect people with mental health. Friedrich (2016) pointed out that medias are powerful tools therefore, it is crucial for journalists to be careful how they report on mental health, to cite proper references and use the right wording. It can have huge negative impact on positive effects that mental health campaigns have achieved. It is so powerful that it can influence public reactions or perceptions toward people with mental illness. “The best reaction for us is to stay truthful to our values, including not discriminating against minorities or vulnerable groups.”

References

Friedrich, B 2016, ‘From act of terrorism to mental health symptom: we’re shifting blame but at what cost?’, The Conversation, 29 July, viewed 31 July 2016, <http://theconversation.com/from-act-of-terrorism-to-mental-health-symptom-were-shifting-blame-but-at-what-cost-63060&gt;

Bettina Friedrich n.d., LinkedIn, viewed 31 July 2016, <https://au.linkedin.com/in/bettina-friedrich-04893b96&gt;

7th International Conference: Together Against Stigma, Each Mind Matters n.d., Bettina Friedrich, San Francisco, Caifornia, viewed 31 July 2016, <http://www.togetheragainststigma.org/breakout-presenters/bettina-friedrich&gt;

The Conversation n.d., Bettina Friedrich, Australia, viewed 31 July 2016, <http://theconversation.com/profiles/bettina-friedrich-260802/articles&gt;

Nice, Orlando attacks prompt look at link between terrorism and mental health

David Wroe
July 22, 2016

Public’s perceptions toward mental health has become subtle. Mental health has been questioning whether mental health was one of the main factors of the criminal attacks. Both Wroe (2016) in “Nice, Orlando attacks prompt look at link between terrorism and mental health” and Friedrich (2016) in “From act of terrorism to mental health symptom: we’re shifting blame but at what cost?” cited that officials and public would start paying more attention to mental health and priorite the suspect according to criminal or mental health records in case the involvement of specific ethnicity or religion networks is, therefore void.

The author, David Wroe is national security correspondent for the Sydney Morning Herald as well as The Age based in Canberra. His writings are mainly focused on the defence, terrorism and foreign affairs. He is a regular contributor to SMH therefore, he is an expert in journalism despite he does not seem to be an expert in the matter of mental health compared to Bettina Friedrich. Through the article, Wroe (2016) informed and examined the issue in between terrorism and mental health.

In the article, the national counter-terrorism coordinator, Moriarty (n.d., cited in Wroe 2016) stated that the attacks might be caused by those who are not necessarily committed with the extremist networks but due to varying reasons, such as mental health, “susceptible to being motivated and lured rapidly down a dangerous path by the terrorist narrative.” Indeed it is extremely difficult to detect the suspect, which is also referred as “lone wolf” due to their lack of connection or communication with the group networks about their intentions. From my point of view, Moriarty is referring to individual suffers from mental health who often isolate hiding from people as the “lone wolf”.

Wroe did not express much of his opinion on the matter however, he tends to have strong judgement on mental health contribution to an act of terrorism. Afterall, this is what Friedrich has been discussing about.

References

Wroe, D 2016, ‘Nice, Orlando attacks prompt look at link between terrorism and mental health’, The Sydney Morning Herald, 22 July, viewed 31 July 2016, <http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/nice-orlando-attacks-prompt-look-at-link-between-terrorism-and-mental-health-20160721-gqb0uo.html&gt;

The Age 2016, David Wroe – Politics, Melbourne, Australia, viewed 31 July 2016, <http://www.theage.com.au/federal-politics/by/David-Wroe-hveem&gt;

The Walkley Foundation 2016, Award Winners – Jewel Topsfield, Sarah Whyte, David Wroe, Amilia Rosa and Karuni Rompies, viewed 31 July 2016, <http://www.walkleys.com/walkleys-winners/jewel-topsfield-sarah-whyte-david-wroe-amilia-rosa-and-karuni-rompies/&gt;

 

Paramedics crippled by mental distress

Harriet Alexander
November 8, 2015

“Paramedics crippled by mental distress”. A good decision indeed has been made by Alexander in choosing words to put into the headline to look more appealing. The title indicates that mental health could somehow affect those people in a number of different areas, including mental health professionals, potential employers in the workplaces even paramedics who qualify for medical jobs helping other people in need. The title itself shows that the news is completely about medical compared to the previous titles that expose the involvement of terrorism. It is because Harriet Alexander is a Fairfax Media reporter specialising in health however she rarely publish articles associated with mental health. She is a regular contributor and one of her articles is published in The Sun Herald.

Alexander aims to report the issue and inform the readers that a paramedic, McDowell (n.d., cited in Alexander 2015) concluded that paramedic support program within NSW proved to be completely inadequate to deal with severe mental health problems after receiving more than 100 response emails from other NSW Ambulance staff in regards to this concern. “An analysis by the Victorian Coroners Prevention Unit found ambulance workers were second only to veterinarians in the likelihood that they would take their own lives, with a suicide rate nearly four times higher than the average.” (Alexander 2015) It is stated that the support management has abandoned paramedics to deal with mental issue alone. Once a paramedic was advised to “drink a bottle of bourbon, watch some porn and you’ll be right.” From that, she then said “I’ve got to look after myself”,

The article is one of factual based interview articles. Based on the article, I can sense that the author has been completely honest with herself.

References

Alexander, H. 2015, ‘Paramedics crippled by mental distress’, The Sun-Herald, 8 November, pp. 3

The Age 2016, Harriet Alexander – Politics, Melbourne, Australia, viewed 12 August 2016, <http://www.theage.com.au/federal-politics/by/Harriet-Alexander-giiuu0&gt;

The Sydney Morning Herald 2016, Harriet Alexander – NSW News, Sydney, Australia, viewed 12 August 2016, <http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/by/Harriet-Alexander-giiuu0&gt;

 

Physical Health Neglected For Young People with Mental Illness

Wendy Williams
June 30, 2016

Unlike the other news media, Pro Bono Australia is a non-profit company aiming at making a useful contribution toward social connection and change. It is one of Australia’s first social business. Through website, “organisations can promote themselves, advertise for employees or skilled volunteers, as well as find events and specialist community sector suppliers.”

The article “Physical Health Neglected For Young People with Mental Illness” is published by Wendy Williams in Pro Bono Australia. Wendy Williams is a journalist of non-profit organization specialising in social issues, including mental health. She however, rarely writes contents that associate with mental health.

The purpose of this article is to inform the readers that untreated and undetected mental illness, especially among young people can have huge impacts on their lives even worse, death consequences. Orygen clinical research led, Killackey (n.d., cited in Williams 2016) stated that people with mental issues tend to have lifespan up to 30 years shorter than healthy people due to their lack of attention in physical and sexual health. “They die largely from preventable illnesses usually related to obesity and tobacco smoking.” Despite the fact that mental illness has affected a quarter of the population however those people smoke nearly half quantity of the produced cigarettes and more or less half of those affected population die from smoking each year.

The earlier the illness is detected, the better. The health services and professionals, including exercise physiologists, dieticians and sexual health nurses may minimise the severity of mental disorders as well as the required level of treatment (Killackey n.d., cited in Williams (2016)) However, I have to disagree with his statement because being helpful and referred as professional does not apply to every single health professionals. For instance, McDowell’s statement in the previous article “Paramedics crippled by mental distress”.

References

Williams, W 2016, ‘Physical Health Neglected For Young People with Mental Illness’, Pro Bono Australia, 30 June, viewed 13 August 2016, <https://probonoaustralia.com.au/news/2016/06/physical-health-neglected-young-people-mental-illness/&gt;

Pro Bono Australia n.d., LinkedIn, viewed 13 August 2016, <https://www.linkedin.com/company/pro-bono-australia/&gt;

 

‘I think I will die here’: Asylum seeker who says she was raped begs for medical evacuation from Nauru

Joel Keep, Rick Feneley
August 14, 2016

Factual and opinion based “’I think I will die here’: Asylum seeker who says she was raped begs for medical evacuation from Nauru” is one of Rick Feneley’s works in collaboration with Joel Keep. While the bibliography has shown very little details of Joel Keep that he is a journalist at SBS Australia and also former journalist at ABC, Rick Feneley has been quite well-known both in the industry and the internet that he is a news and features writer for the Sydney Morning Herald who has finally re-signed after 18 years working with the company and he currently works for SBS.

In the article, both Keep and Feneley (2016) reported and examined an issue of asylum seeker in Nauru who were being subjected to sexual assault numerous times by Wilson Security staff and looked for help to be evacuated to Australia but prevented for some political reasons (Newhouse n.d., cited in Keep & Feneley 2016). Clearly distressed, Jazmin (n.d., cited in Keep & Feneley 2016) stated that she is not allowed to leave Nauru. International Health and Medical Services, the private health care provider contracted by the Immigration Department has made statements saying “her risk of self-harm as high” and they are “unable to guarantee her safety”. IHMS medical record has revealed Jazmin’s psychological state was normal when she arrived in Nauru three years ago. “It appears in my discussions with [Jazmin] that she is in a situation where she feels in constant danger and at risk of further attack.” said Melbourne based psychiatrist, Professor Newman (n.d., cited in Keep & Feneley 2016). He, then continue with the statement that it would have been to risky for Jazmin to stay in Nauru, which she could possibility sentence herself to death.

Apparently the recent issue is still under investigation. In the conclusion, the authors did not tell the readers much whether the investigation has now been closed as the news is ended with a sentence “Seconds later, connection on the video link was lost.” after Jazmin declaring “I need the doctor to help me”, “I don’t want to take the pills anymore.” through video call.

References

Keep, J., Feneley, R 2016, ‘’I think I will die here’: Asylum seeker who says she was raped begs for medical evacuation from Nauru’, SBS, 14 August, viewed 14 August 2016, <http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2016/08/12/i-think-i-will-die-here-nauru-asylum-seeker-who-says-she-was-raped-begs-medical&gt;

Joel Keep n.d., Facebook, viewed 14 August 2016, <https://www.facebook.com/joel.keep.9?fref=nf&gt;

The Sydney Morning Herald 2016, Rick Feneley- NSW News, Sydney, Australia, viewed 14 August 2016, <http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/by/Rick-Feneley-hve2w&gt;

Healey, B 2015, ‘’Rick Feneley leaves Fairfax Media after 18 years with Sydney Morning Herald’, influencing, 1 December, viewed 14 August 2016, <http://influencing.com/au/story/rick-feneley-leaves-fairfax-media-after-18-years-with-sydney-morning-herald&gt;