Post 10: Reflection & Revised Proposition

By Yu Zhang


During week 7, I had a opportunity to receive feeback from colleague and tutor for my draft proposal, and it’s really useful that I got lots of idea to understand how to refine my proposal that base on the data, and what kind of data are appropriate to my data visualization.



The direction of my draft proposal is about the inequality between women and men, includes treatment, physical power, and protection. On the other hand, I was confused about what’s the specific issue for the proposal because it includes a lot of data that’s relevant but still too broad to develop a data visualization. Fortunately, my colleague and tutor suggested me to focus on how does men treat to women while make women feel less equal, so I had a specific audience for the proposal. This suggestion helps me to finalize the audience and direction of my proposal and guides me to narrow down the sources of the data, which is really useful. Also, for the visual style of my proposal, my colleague suggested developing a data of question that relates to inequalities of women and creates a map that base on specific locations in Australia. For example, the data could be ‘The percentage of women that feeling abused at home’, and the location could be Pyrmont, Burwood, Seaforth etc. I think this idea guides me to realize visually about how’s the data visualization look like and helps me how to insert useful information to provide a useful data while engage and synthesize with the audience, which is men. Overall, this session really helps me to understand further about what’s the next step to arrange the data, develop it visually, and what kind of data should I research further for my revised proposition.

Revised Proposition

Project title: Women = Men

Practice type: Data Visualization

The issue: Inequality between women and men. According to the survey report of young people attitudes violence against women, women are always higher than men in the rate of being violence and assaulted. Also, men,especially young men between age 16-24 are lack of awareness about their treatment to women are hurtful and disrespectful, especially non-physical behaviors. On the other hand, women received more violence and assaulted from acquaintance than strangers, includes husband, boyfriend, father etc. It’s the social issue that would affect the mental health situation of women, the rate of domestic violence and the level of authority of women in the society.

The possible change: Reduce the rate of disrespectful behavior to women from men and encourage men to rethink their treatment to women, includes forces women to have sex, tries to control by threatening to hurt others, harasses by repeated phone calls etc. Also, educate men to start recognize the awareness of protecting and respect women instead of using violence to harm women. Finally, display visually what kind of behavior should be forbidden to women and how to affect the mental health situation to women after they had experience with those behaviors.

The design action to support change: Develop a data visualization to support the evidence of women are being the situation of inequality in gender while educating men to recognize their inappropriate behaviors to women. Basically, I would like to develop the design as a digital advertisement that can display on screen. The ads are able to publish on the big digital screen around the city and shopping center, audience is able to touch it and the ads will show the data on screen. The ads also available on any school and government website to publicize the issue. The data will base on two main aspects: physical behaviors and non-physical behaviors. Every individual data will base on one specific behavior from men to women like repeatedly criticizes to make women feel useless. Visually, the design will display by a circle to briefly describe about the issue. After that, audience is able to extend the circle to the next circle while there will have several selection to choose. Also, every circle include 2 to 3 different colors to represent the percentage of the data. After extending all of data by the main aspects, the data visualization should look like a molecular system that can reflect the serious problem of treatment to women from men are in an inequality situation with rich information as the evidence.


Harris A., Honey N., Webster K., Diemer K. & Politoff V. 2013, Attitudes towards gender equality, Young Australians’ attitudes to violence against women, Australia, pp44-47.



Post 9: Visual documentation of the brainstorming session

By Yu Zhang

During the brainstorming session, everyone had an opportunity to develop a map that base on their problem statement and proposition. I was started with Sexual Assault for mapping but found that it’s too broad. The tutor suggested we should start something more specific, that’s why we decided to do the map with communities of religion.


Brainstorm 1: Buddhism


During the group discussion, we had a conversation about Buddhism and came out with equality between man and women, which guide us to have a specific topic for deciding what kind of proposition should I do. Speaking of Buddhism, the impression of women is very negative, include lust, jealous, vicious. They think most of the women can not be buddha because inside of women’s body is dirty, so women only can become buddha when they became man. Also. Buddhism has criteria about how to become perfect women, include be extremely patient, good at housework, no cheating, no jealous, no lazy, must respect to husband etc. However, I think Buddhism has very strict sexism problem that reflects on the criteria to women and the comments of women. On the other hand, buddha won’t physically harm women and just stay away from them. Overall, I still think Buddhism don’t show enough respect to women and it might be able to use these contents to develop a proposition that appeals the biased comments to women from Buddhism.
The weakness of this idea is even Buddhism is biased on women, but they never plan to spread those bias to the world, because Buddhism encourages to be harmonious and forgive anything that could guide you to be negative or just stay away from it instead of conflict with it. So it could receive a very limited effect on developing the proposal with Buddhism. Also, the nature of Buddhism is very positive, it’s not necessary to challenge it even it has defect on the field of treating women.

Brainstorm 2: Muslim


Another religion we were discussed is Muslim. Basically, the status of women in Muslim is very low, they don’t even have freedom to do something they want while they have lots of behavior to be forbidden, includes not able to show their body in public place, travel individually and contact another person individually. Also, the husband is the absolute authority of every Muslim family, they can marry with a maximum of 4 women while the wife doesn’t have the right of divorce and unable to challenge their husband. The husband is able to use violence on their wife if they do something wrong. However, compare to Buddhism, Muslim has more data that I could use for the proposal and the inequalities between men and women, which means the quantity of data can be very rich and might make the proposal looks fantastic with these contents.

The weakness of this possibilities is it might receive some bad reflection from the people who are religious at Muslim or even will become a rebellion if the proposal includes some sensitive information. Also, Muslim still has lots of faith that are positive and provide some good creed to the society. So consider the safety and efficiency, the proposal with Muslim is quiet risky at the moment.

Brainstorm 3: View of life


We also discuss the possibilities about reflecting the quality of living of women in Australia by developing a Data map. The data will base on several data about women, includes the income, levels of education, type of work etc. In Australia, domestic violence is one of common problem in the society, especially married women. Even the government established shelters for women to escape from domestic violence, the rate of domestic violence is still very high. However, these possibilities have a great potential to reflect the equality of men and women straightly by display the data of situation of women. Also, it can guide the audience to be aware effectively about the bias of women in the society , especially for women that help them to protect their authority and benefit.

On the other hand, the possibilities need to consider carefully about data chosen because most of the relevant data would be very board that might involve some unnecessary data while can not provide specific information to reader. Also, to simplify the possibilities with this idea is quite a challenge in content selection and visual design response.


ABC News, 2016, Fact file: Domestic violence in Australia, viewed 19 September 2016, <;.

Skwirk, Women in Australia now, viewed 19 September 2016, <;.

Post 8: Brainstorming possibilities – reflect the situation of women in the current century

By Yu Zhang


After the previous research exercise, we collected lots of information and data about mental health, and everyone start has their own specific actor to develop their views of the issue further. At this stage, we started brainstorming the possibilities of mental health and consider the methods of our own visual design responses. Look at my previous blog posts with those research and maps, I decided to develop visual design responses that base on Sexual Assault, use different comments and emotion as the elements to reflect on this issue by visual metaphor. Also, engage with my 3 positions: awareness, fear and external factors. However, the brainstorming exercise helps me to understand further about the issue while exploring the ideas of visual design responses.

The brainstorming exercise started with 5 questions that guide us to develop our own problem statement with the issue. The tutors encourage us to be as specific as possible when we answer those questions. It’s very difficult to answer these questions after you collected massive data from the previous exercises, but it’s the pathway to guide us to prepare the draft proposal.

The Problem: Sexual Assault


1.Who does the problem affect?

The stakeholders of this problem are women, especially teenagers, young adults and housewife around age 15-35. Criminals are mostly target on the women who looks young, beautiful, sexy and soft to satisfy their desire.

What are the boundaries of the problem?

The women who lack of knowledge about how to protect themselves in public place, how to seek help from family and community, and how to release the negative thoughts and emotion after the case happened. The man who lack of awareness about the equality of men and women,  contain the desire and thoughtfully consider the harm to women. The government lack of capacity on security, policies of women rights and education of prevention.

When does the problem occur? When does it need to be fixed?
The problem occurred since human born in the earth, but the society just started to pay attention to this problem since the 1600s by providing some limited protection from laws and security. In the current century, most of people still blind about the consequence of Sexual Assault that can promote serious problems of society, because of the education still not pay enough attention to the prevention self-protection and release negative emotion of Sexual Assault. On the other hand, this problem is impossible to be fully fixed because of the quality of education and security are not able to be consistent anywhere anytime, it will cost lots of human Resources and material resources which is not realistic. But decrease the rate of the issue as soon as possible is definitely necessary.

Where is the problem occur?

In normal life, the problem happened at somewhere that’s lack of people. For example, small corridor around the city, narrow public space like toilet and storage, and some dark space with messy people like nightclub and bar. Usually, the problem occurred at night while the women in a powerless condition like drunk and dizzy. However, the problem occurs anywhere, especially the country where the authority and status of women are very low, this phenomenon might be involved with policies of the country, religion, and the social atmosphere.

Why is it important?

This problem involved with lots of social issues, includes equality of men and women, authority, and status of women and the quality of public security. These issues might affect the levels of happiness to family that has daughter and mother, or even have a risk to lost their female family member if they have to face with Sexual Assault. If the society still not pays enough attention to the protection and prevention on this problem, the rate of suicide, the rate of people with mental illness, and the rate of family with overwhelming pressure won’t able to decrease.

Problem statement

Develop something that can help women to be aware of how to protect themselves while change the awareness of men about how to be more respectful to women and  the functions of treating women.

Five point summary:

After the problem statement finished, I tried to summarise the findings from the exercise while discover the possibilities that relate to my chosen issue.

1. Develop a Data Visualization that base on the positions of surveillance camera with a location map to guide residents realize they are in a security field while that might weaken the chance to commit a crime.

2. Develop a Service Design for a monitor system on the surveillance camera that can display the information of the people in the camera, include the name, age, height etc. It’s able to record the behavior of people and provide evidence if they commit a crime.

3. Develop a Service Design for an App about a digital psychologist Siri that can help users to seek comfort if they don’t emotionally feel well, include some appreciate activities, music, funny comics etc. It can help people with mental illness to realize that something around them is able to seek help.

4. Develop a Data Visualization that base on the situation of women in the current century includes how much do man/women earn, what kind of jobs do man/women do for living, levels of education of man/women etc. It reminds people to think about the equality of man and women is appropriate or not in their society.

5. Develop an Experimental Processes that base on the view of education on Junior High School about how to protect and prevent the social issue, include sexual assault. It helps the younger generation have strong awareness to protect themselves while decreasing the rate of criminals.

Draft  Proposal:

After finished the five point summary, I decided to choose to develop a Data Visualization that base on the situation of women. This proposal can reflect the equality of men and women that helps people to be aware how to respect and protect women while decreasing the rate of sexual assault. The proposition will base on the data of how much do man/women earn, what kind of jobs do man/women do for living, levels of education of man/women etc. I still consider the style of visual design responses in my week 6 blog, base the data in the shadow of the person, but will refine the shadow to be more like a female. Also, remove the dialogue texture to provide more space for scale up the shadow to insert more data on it or develop another smaller elements instead. The color coding for representing the data, I consider to use red and blue to interact the relationship between men and women while developing a visual metaphor to guide readers be aware of the equality of men and women is not fully set up yet in the current society. Also, enhance people’s awareness to start respect women and stop harm them by the visual style of figure and ground.

Post 7: Issue mapping of mental health

By Yu Zhang

In week 3, we briefly did the mapping exercises of stakeholders that engage with mental health, the keywords and categories were still very broad. So in week 4, we tried to collect any of words that’s relate to mental health and used it to develop a map. The map shows lots of contents that’s more specific than the week 3 mapping exercises, and most of words are able to use it in social media to collect useful information about mental health.




During the process, all of our group was voted 5 words that you might use it to research for mental health, and the most popular words includes ‘exhausted’, ‘invisible’,’victim’, ‘judgement’ etc.. Most of the words are relate to emotion and negative behavior and quite popular in social network, which is easy to search the sources from internet.


After that, our group decided to use the chosen 5 words to extend it with different words to make it more specific. During the process, I found it individuals, media, and society suits all of 5 words, which means these words can be the top of category of mental health. However, even some of words are not relevant to some chosen words, but they might relate to word from the category of chosen words. The map is more like a connection system that contacts each other to engage with mental health, which is a huge data if collect them all.

Overall, I think this mapping exercise is really useful. I achieved lots of words that can use for research the issue in different platforms, understand further about mental illness and how to classify words to develop an information system. I can reread this map anytime if I get stuck to research and write a blog, which is really useful and convenient.


In week 5, the mapping exercise requires us to be even more specific. Firstly, our group design to base on ‘Lack of knowledge’ to start mapping. During the discussion of our group, knowledge is related to different fields of mental health, includes medicare, policies, and social media. It might have a potential to provide a map with more depth and clear content that can help our visual design responses individually. The exercise is very intensive during the process, but it’s very useful for me after we developed the map because I have deep understood of the filed of lack of knowledge in mental health.


We also start mapping that involves to controversy. Basically, the main focus of our mapping is history and communication. For example, Past VS Present, Religion VS Culture and Social Status VS Economic Situation. During the discuss, our group considers the issue of mental health is the conflict between economic benefit and humanities progress. I found that the conflict is suitable for most of the controversy of mental health, and that’s why the direction of mapping focused on Needs VS Wants, which can discover that desire is the root to promote the current situation of mental health. It’s very useful for me after developed this map, it guides me to have more hints for my inspiration and understanding of the issue.


Base on what we found from the previous mapping exercises, our group decided to develop further on the controversy of Needs VS Wants. It felt like most of the elements that we found are back to the original mapping exercises. For example, education, family, and media also appear in the first mapping exercises. It looks like the content of mental health is more like a network that all of the content will extend to the beginning. That make me understand that the depth of content for mental health does not exist because the content lives around our life, which means no matter how to refine the content to be more specific, it will still guide you back to the first content that you extend.IMG_2248.JPG

I choose ‘Sexual Assault’ as the actor to develop this map. The reason I choose it because this actor can specifically relate to my first three positions, which are awareness, fear, and external factors. Also, it can involve lots of human and non-human stakeholders, includes family, pressure,equality, individual etc. Also, all of these stakeholders are able to connect to each other that might develop a specific proposition for mental health. However, this actor faces a specific crowd, which is women. I believe narrow down the actor to be more specific, I would have a clear idea of the draft proposal and visual style of the design response.


The issue mapping exercises are really intensive but help me to understand much further about mental health. It’s very good to share different opinions in a group that give me a chance to collect the data and communicate the issue with group members. Also, it helps me to achieve different opinions about the issue from group members in the discussion, that’s why I like the process of conversation during develop the maps. I was worry about the depth of content might affect the quality of my design concept, but after the exercises, I understand the issue is more like a net that you just need to choose which position you want to express. Also, the functions of mapping are what I achieved from this workshop, especially mapping with controversy can provide a comprehensive content as the result and able to discover the root of issue. I think this function is very useful for research most of issue, but users need to pick and arrange the sources carefully because the quantity of content from issue mapping is a lot. How to choose the suitable sources and reflect it on graphic style is what I need to consider further. On the other hand, I can use the mapping functions to gain more elements when I get stuck. However, it’s always good to have more sources that I might work on for the theme of issue. I will consider developing a map that base on one theme to develop it further instead of just start mapping the issue because the result come out will be more specific instead of too broad. Also, I will consider developing the map that involves controversy and actors with questions that can gain further information and connection in different but relevant areas in the future.

Post 6: Scraping the web for the data of Sexual Assault

By Yu Zhang

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Twitter is one of most popular online social networking service that can share information, daily life and news with texts, images, and video sources. This social media platform is very easy to collect what you want to see by search the keyword and/or hashtags, which is very convenient for us to collect any data of issues. Also, the unique qualities of twitter are all of the sources are public and visible once users published it, which is easy for all of the users to communicate the topic and news at anytime, anywhere.

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One of the specific function of twitter is ‘Advanced Search’. It allows users can search their needs by type the keywords in different category to help users to filter any useless data while achieving the most relevant information on the issue . For example, if you want to search ‘mental health’ as my topic, the released result will be too broad and lots of results might be irrelevant. So if users type ‘mental health’ on ‘These hashtag’ and pick a specific theme and type it on ‘all of these words’  that relate to mental health, that will give you a comprehensive result. Also, it can even be more specific if users are more strict about the dates, place and/or language.

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During the web-scraping, I choose ‘sexual assault’ with the hashtag ‘mental health’ and I found lots of experience, news, with links, and critical report with videos, and images. One of article I looked it further is ‘Sexual Assault Survivors Are Using #IHaveTheRightTo as a Way to Reclaim Their Power’ written by Mckenzie Maxson. It’s about an activity with the hashtag ‘#IHaveTheRightTo’ against the phenomenon of the story from sexual assault people are being erased. In America, over than 16% women had experience with sexual assault that affects their mental health, but they can not reflect the story on the society by some reasons. So this activity is to awake people start to pay attention to this mental issue and tell the people with sexual assault that they are not alone and able to speak and share their experience.

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After I read the article, I try to search the hashtag ‘#IHaveTheRightTo’ and found lots of personal tweets to support this activity and the interview with school assault survivor from Today Show. This result reflects that the function of twitter can extend the issue further with different keywords.Once we found a specific activity, it’s possible to found another activity that also relates to the topic, which means twitter might provide as many data as you want.

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Another tool we could use for research is Twitter Archiver. It’s a tool that collaborates between Google Docs and Twitter. Once users sign in their twitter account in Google Docs, they are able to research  by creating a Twitter Search Rule. Also, users need to consider the chosen words to research. I was just type ‘mental health’ for my first try and it brings over than ten thousand results released. So it really needs more keywords to narrow down the search result while provides users with better quality information.

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One of the twitter accounts that I found it from Twitter Archiver is CWCC (Central Wyoming Counseling Center). It’s a mental health community and substance abuse treatment center to help the residents of Wyoming. Mostly, the CWCC published lots of articles that relate to mental health for users to read, and most of sources are authoritative.

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One of sources I found from CWCC is the functions of treatment to different mental illness. It mentioned 90% of people suicide by mental disorder and it’s able to prevent by refining the treatment of different mental health areas. For example, Major Depression, Medications, Bipolar Disorder etc. However, therapy with patients is their position to believe that is the way to prevent mental illness.

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Overall, the research functions really help me to understand much further about mental health while providing lots of inspiration for me to use it for visual design responses. At this stage, I consider to pay attention to sexual assault as my main theme and develop the graphic style with a character. I also thinking about some materials that can represent the emotions, experiences, behavior and lifestyle with sexual assault,especially ‘fear’. Also, I will consider how to use a graphic to represent treatment, no matter it’s positive or negative, but it provides a signal about treatment affects the quality of mental health services. The conversation might be the factors to reflect treatment, so I will consider using dialogue with texture and layout while insert words inside of the character that makes a strong figure and ground style to develop a contrast between external factors and thoughts of the character. The color might be black and white but depends on what kind of color are most suitable for the graphic.

5 points summary:

  • No matter what kind of social networking platform you chose for research, words chosen is pivotal.
  • In America, people with sexual assault experiences can not reflect the story on the society by some reasons.
  • The hashtag is the way to connect different words with a similar topic, which can help us to extend any issue or theme that you searching.
  • A social networking account with specific content (eg. mental health community) is the pathway to achieving what you need.
  • Treatment can affect the quality of mental illness by the therapy with patients.


American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, Treatment, viewed 3 September 2016, <;.

CWCC, 2016, viewed 3 September 2016, <;.

Maxson, M.2016, Sexual Assault Survivors Are Using #IHaveTheRightTo as a Way to Reclaim Their Power, viewed 3 September 2016, <–greatistcom-&utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter&gt;.

Post 5: Interview & Actual Examples of people with mental illness.

By Yu Zhang


During the interview with my partner Lucy, I asked some questions that relate to government, external factors, prevention, and education. The reasons I ask these is because I want to seek some opinion about how’s the attitude of society to mental illness, especially government and external factors. Base on my previous research, lots of mental illness cases are happened by inappropriate attitude from government and external factors from family, company, and school. Also, strengthen my positions as I mentioned in my previous blog.

How do you think about the treatment of government to mental health?

The government is mostly focused on strengthening the awareness to mental health and make it more like a discussion, so people have opportunity to start to understand the danger of mental health and how to realize it on time. On the other hand, people who suffering mental illness are still lack of support because of the government have less focus on policies.

What kind of external factors affect mental health issues most?

Family as it influence anywhere includes how to growth and learn how to live and how to solve problems. It might affect in a positive or negative way, depends on how’s the live style of family, include members of family, religion, nationally and so on. If the family have to face the pressure from the exposure to events like violence at home, it might promote mental illness happen. Also, relationship with friends , expectations from company or school are also affected mental illness.

What’s your idea for prevention of mental health issues?

Develop a network system to support the people with mental illness. It can provide a stage for them to seek help, and the system definitely has someone to talk or share experiences or tips about the issue, so those patients don’t think you are alone anymore. Also, a network system can have someone with skill that can help people with mental illness to deal with the issues, like anxiety or depression. It’s not necessary to have professional psychologist for the system, but have someone who would like to take time for patients to understand their situation and solve the issue.

What’s your idea about education can do for mental health?

Education is important but it’s tricky to be specific on how to educate to avoid mental health issue. It’s better to integrate government, educators, and family to discuss how to reform the education by sharing experience and thoughts.


I was ask Lucy to find more examples and opinions about live experience from different people with mental illness and how’s it affect their life. However, I think collect more example can help to understand further about the pain from mental illness and motivate my inspiration for the posters.

Find 3 examples of the live experience of people that affect mental health.


Ian described himself as victim of the global financial crisis. His banking company fired him in 2008, the pressure from money and feeling of despair defeat Ian to became a person with Major Depression and Generalised Anxiety Disorder. It affects Ian only had 2 to 3 hours sleep per day with angry, irritable, demanding, needy, clingy and couldn’t concentrate or hold coherent conversations.


Brett diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder after he was bashed into a traffic accident. He can’t leave his house and look after his family anymore, which affect Brett’s career loss, marriage collapsed and lost friendships. Brett mentioned he can not even attend to his children’s school concerts because he would have panic attack and always think that there must have someone trying to hurt him or his family. Brett was considered to suicide because of the pain and PTSD controlled his life over 14 years since 1995.


Susan’s 13-year-old daughter Lily diagnosed with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder after her daughter said she was having scary, strange thoughts. Lily’s friends, sporting, and social activities suddenly fell away and not able to go to school anymore. Susan has to left the job and take care of Lily. Also, it affects Susan’s husband and son into negative emotions. Susan’s life was struggling and she was considered to just disappear one day.


Record 3 opinions about the current policies of mental health services (eg. lack of control, funding support etc.) from your friends or family.

  • The current policies are encouraging more of a discussion about mental health however there still needs to be more – Friend
  • I think that mental health is being dealt with in a better way than it has in the past, there is, however, a stigma that needs to be addressed in regards to physical illness vs. mental illness and how society responds to this. – Aunty
  • People in remote communities don’t have the same support opportunities as those in cities and towns, we need to provide for these people to ensure they have equal access to services – Brother

The five point summary

  • Network system is a great pathway to help people with mental illness and get enough support as soon as possilbe. Also, it can decrease the pressure from funding and cost for family.
  • Exposure of personal mental illness might turned into a negative result as patients would be terrified to face the society, family and friends.
  • Awareness of education for mental health still need to be more specific and clear, otherwise it can not develop a great system or policies to support patients.
  • Mental illness is very easy to turn into another problems, includes physical illness, broken relationship and negative thoughts.
  • Government need to be consistent on the policies with school, company, social media and community.


Beyondblue Support Service 2016, Personal stories, viewed 26 August 2016, <;.

Beyondblue Support Service 2016, Personal stories, viewed 26 August 2016, <;.

Beyondblue Support Service 2016, Personal stories, viewed 26 August 2016, <;.


Post 3: Mental Health Stakeholders Mapping & Image Archive

By Yu Zhang

Maps of the participants/stakeholders (human and non-human)

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In week 3, we tried to develop some words with mental health that base on stakeholders (human and non-human). It helps me to understand further about what kind of stakeholders connect with mental health and how to affect each other. Firstly, we collect the words that we found and develop a map that depends on which key element that mostly affect mental health issue, and then connect the rest of words to develop a sequence. However, the first map we developed and we found it technology is mostly affect mental issue because speaking of technology, it can include social media, and then extend to internet and media reporter. Finally, most of relevant elements will discover, include policies, funding, population and so on.


This is the map that bases on the broad element and then extends to another element with more details. During the map, we found that the core elements to affect mental health issue include Geography, Environment, Work Place, Government, Practitioners, Technology and Science. Especially workplace reflect lots of perspectives, includes education, communication, and behavior. These elements can reflect mental illness straightly. However, external factors can extend to most of areas that relate to mental health.

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This time, I try to focus on human factors and found that most of elements will extend to relationship and organization like family, reporters and teachers and so on. It means profession can be the agency to convey the information about mental health. Also, profession is the chain between organization and mental health as well.

Image Archive

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Approval Addiction – How does it steal away your health(Gupta, 2013).

The photograph is from the article ‘Approval Addiction – Part 2 … How does it steal away your health?’. It represents the outside of addiction is always looks happy as the mask while inside of addiction is painful as the face. The photography develop a specific visual metaphor to describe addiction can damage both physical health and mental health at the same time, and it can reflect on your painful emotions as the manifesto of mental illness, which is ‘pain’.

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Thoughs – Mental Disorders (Unknown Author, 2015).

This is a shadow of human portrait that combined by pieces of notes, and the contents are about the thoughts of mental disorders, which are all negative comments. The portrait develop a very strong visual metaphor to cover the information inside of people when they have mental illness, and every comment has different font with different size to display, especially liar, it can describe metaphorically that they are helpless and lost by mental disorders.

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Depression Confession (A.S.K., 2014).

The blackboard design that tells a girl has lots of emotions want to express but only came out with ‘fine’ when people asking her ‘How are you?’. The visual metaphor really engaging to mental disorders by displaying the negative emotions around the girl while put the ‘fine’ in front of her face and cover her expression, which creates a very strong connection between the expression of the girl and the words that describe mental illness effectively.

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Depression, anxiety and panic attacks are not signs of weakness. They are signs of trying to remain strong for far too long (Gluck, 2013).

This is one of photograph series of ‘Quotes on Mental Illness Stigma’. It uses sandglass and put it on the neck of the character that looks hopeless and helpless. Generally speaking, sandglass represents lapse of time. On the other hand, the sandglass is locking the person’s action and she can not do anything with it. It describes a visual metaphor about the feeling of anxiety and depression, also it shows people with mental illness need to help because they might get stuck.

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Art project by Bulimia Nervosa (2014).

The photograph shows the person is spitting the words and characters about comments or requirements. These words and characters usually make people depress and worry because of excessive expectation, jealous and external factors. It is very smart idea to combine spitting with words, because people usually feel painful when they spitting, which is engaging the feeling of mental illness.

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The most important kind of freedom is to be what you really are (Contagious Realism, 2011).

The character of this photograph is considering what kind of face she should wear before go out, even she’s not happy. The faces show on the table are all positive emotions to cover her depression, which is a great idea to engage the face of mental illness effectively while describing the phenomenon of society that people suffer their situation of being anxiety and fear to seek help.

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Property of Society (Kruger, 2014).

The photograph called ‘Property of Society’. It uses a barcode to seal the character’s mouth that expresses shut up is the property because it can make the society peaceful and harmonious by no negative comments. It’s a counter example with a strong visual metaphor to express the feeling of depression because of no way to express how they feel, which can tell by the eye contact of the character on the photograph.

Postt 3 (8)
Not every disability is visible (HealthyPlace, 2015).

This is the photograph from the serious of ‘Quote on mental health’. It shows the men trying to paint himself to be colourful because he has no colour. Obviously, the colour represents hope as display it on the photograph, it describe metaphorically about the quote ‘Not every disability is visible’, which is suitable for mental illness as well because anxiety and depression are invisible.

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La coraza de la cautela (Unknown Author, 2013).

The photograph shows the mask can change to different faces with different emotions except for the emotion of the person that wearing the mask because it’s hiding under the mask. It develops a strong visual metaphor about human always consider to hiding their negative side while pretending they are fine as the mask. On the other hand, they don’t know the mask is creepy as mental illness.


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(Unknown Author, 2015)


This is a very simple figure and ground drawing to describe the thoughts inside of the people while they said ‘fine’ from the mouth to outside of the world. It expresses the situation of people with mental illness that they’re fear to show their actual feeling and seek help, and that’s they are always doing something opposite of their mind as the person from the photograph did.

Images Reference:

A.S.K.2014, Depression Confession, viewed 16 August 2016, <;.

Gluck, S. 2013, Quotes on Mental Illness Stigma, viewed 16 August 2016, <;.

Gupta, R.P. 2013, Approval Addiction – Part 2 … How does it steal away your health?, viewed 16 August 2016, <;.

HealthyPlace, 2015, Quote on mental health: Not every disability is visible, viewed 16 August 2016, <;.

Kruger, B. 2014, Property of Society, viewed 16 August 2016, <;.

Nervosa, B. 2014, viewed 16 August 2016, <;.

Unknown Author, 2011, Contagious Realism, viewed 16 August 2016, <;.

Unknown Author, 2013, La coraza de la cautela, viewed 16 August 2016, <;.

Unknown Author, 2014, viewed 16 August 2016, <>.

Unknown Author, 2015, Thoughts – mental disorders, viewed 16 August 2016, <;.

Post 4: The DEFINE Project

By Yu Zhang


In Canada, 50% of people who have depression or anxiety, 10 % of people who have mood disorders, and 20% of deaths are suicide from 15-25 years olds people. These data brings a signal that mental illness in Canada is being a serious problem.

The DEFINE project is a collaboration between Lance Kenneth Blakney as a photographer, Wear Your Label as a clothing company, and Dee Wilkie as a surface designer who are concentrated in mental illness by showing the side of people who have serious mental health problem.They collect over 200 Role Models who has been struggling with mental health from Canada and narrowed it down to nine categories that can represent the side of mental illness effectively.

The idea of this project is to create a raw, conceptual photo series that would share the stories of 9 Role Models and how they experienced mental health issues. Basically, Dee developed hand-dyed silk pieces and each of them has different colour and texture to represents nine different mental illness. These mental illness are Addictions, ADHD, Anxiety, Eating Disorders, Mood Disorders, Personality Disorders, PTSD, Self-Injury and Survivors of Sexual Assault.

Emma is representing the category of Addictions (Blakney, Wilkie &Wear Your Label, 2016).

Emma starts struggling with anxiety and depression since age of 8, and it becomes self-harm like addicting alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs. She describes her life of being addictions is crippling, but now she starts to move a step forward to become happy and healthy. The pattern of silk pieces covering Emma’s body as trying to protect her-selves instead of self-harm. It expresses the experience about think how far you through make you more happy and healthy rather than in addictions.

Cassie is representing the category of Sexual Assault (Blakney, Wilkie &Wear Your Label, 2016).

Cassie express her experience with a word  as ‘fear’ after being sexual assault. She fears about how’s her friend react, fears how do people look at her, fear people knew her secret etc. The silk pieces cover Cassie’s face as stop her to look back the past and stay focus on the colour of the silk pieces, which looks beautiful and it represents tomorrow.

Danika is representing the category of Self Harm (Blakney, Wilkie &Wear Your Label, 2016).

Danika experienced with abuse from family and being caught in the middle of a custody battle in her childhood, that brings Danika start self-injuring and even still deals with today. That’s why she describe her experience as ‘constant’. Danika’s silk pieces represent her depression and she wants to express that she’s still battle with it because she doesn’t want to be the previous situation anymore.

Lee is representing the category of ADHD (Blakney, Wilkie &Wear Your Label, 2016).

Lee has frustrating experience with ADHD and always doubt her-selves about some extreme behaviors. Her inspiration to join this project is to reduce the stigma surrounding mental health by share her story. The silk pieces for Lee is surrounding her while hiding her eyes, it expresses Lee always pretending she doesn’t need help even she needs. So the colour of  silk pieces is quite bright to be obvious for audience to see you need help.

Chelsea is representing the category of Mood Disorder (Blakney, Wilkie &Wear Your Label, 2016).

Mercurial is the word that Chelsea use for her life, she mentioned external factors always affect her to change quickly when she wants to describe her feeling. The pattern of silk pieces are representing mood disorder and trying to disturb Chelsea’s brain. It express mood disorder is annoying but  can not stop you to do anything.

Carlena is representing the category of PTSD (Blakney, Wilkie &Wear Your Label, 2016).

Carlena diagnosed with PTSD and Borderline Personality Disorder since 5 years ago. It triggered by Carlena’s traumas from her childhood. She believes learn how to accept her mental illness rather than get away from it. Carlena’s silk pieces are totally black and acting like a devil behind her as representing PTSD. On the other hand, Carlena wants to express that mental illness might be painful and always be with you as like a devil always behind you, but the truth is you will get better with mental illness if you still alive.

Emma is representing the category of Personality Disorder (Blakney, Wilkie &Wear Your Label, 2016).

Emma was working under extreme pressure for competitive athlete while study at school with good grades. The pressure made Emma feel always not satisfy for what she did and start difficult to sleep until she diagnosed with Personality Disorder.Emma’s silk pieces integrated with black and white like an ink painting to surround her, which looks fantastic. The texture integrated effectively in a visual way that expresses her personality is magical and able to inspired people to do special thing, and every personality is pretty and unique as Emma’s.

Kathleen is representing the category of Anxiety (Blakney, Wilkie &Wear Your Label, 2016).

Kathleen diagnosed with a phobia and later on turned to Generalized Anxiety Disorder, she said she can live as normal person but always stuck in internal feeling. After she’s being helped by loved ones and psychologist, she starts getting better.Kathleen’s silk pieces are part of her thinking about she’s always getting batter, and the pattern of silk pieces is trying to protect Kathleen to concentrate getting better even she will slip back sometimes.

Jess is representing the category of Eating Disorder (Blakney, Wilkie &Wear Your Label, 2016).

Jess’s family has a long history of eating disorders. That’s why Jess use shame to describe her life because she always has to judge people if they looking at her strangely like think something wrong about her. Jess’s silk pieces like the part of her hair that express she’s strong and generous person rather than looks like a person with mental health. The pattern of silk pieces is developing an attractive place that integrated with Jess, to guide people can see her advantage.


Blakney, L.N., Wilkie, D. &Wear Your Label, 2016, The DEFINE Project, viewed 21 August 2016, <;.

Wear Your Label, 2016, The DEFINE Project, viewed 21 August 2016, <;.

Images Reference:

Blakney, L.N., Wilkie, D. &Wear Your Label, 2016, The DEFINE Project, viewed 21 August 2016, <;.

POST 1: The quality of mental health services depends on attitude of the government

by Yu Zhang

Photo by Artur Borzecki Photography that reflects on the change of NHS mental health service is too little, too late, for far too many.


Mental health is about human well-being that relates to phycology. It can affect the live style and emotion of people. In the current society, mental illness is a big social issue that reflects by increasing rate of suicide and family abuse. The reasons are diverse, but pressure is the root. That’s why I choose mental health for the research task as I want to discover where’s the pressure come from and how’s the pressure affect the society. In the orientation week, I start my reading exercise and found some several positions about the mental health issue, includes treatment of government, awareness of recognition for mental health and the effect of external factors on mental health.These positions help me to understand further about the root of pressure that affects the quality of mental health to human.

Article 1: McGorry says mental health care becoming a field of broken dreams

The article is written by Patrick McGorry, the professor of youth mental health and executive director of Orygen. He published the article in the broadsheet newspaper called The Australian. It’s an opinion-based article with lots of factual data supported. In the article, Patrick mentioned a 17-year-old daughter suddenly become anxious and depressed before she’s extremely well. That’s why Patrick wrote this article to guide audience realizing mental health care need to integrated with mainstream healthcare, he believes mental illness is important as same as physical illness. Patrick’s position is mental health haven’t got enough support from policies because Australian government pay less attention and didn’t realize mental health issue can become a serious problem before explore. It can prove by the data from the article that mentioned mental health is at the bottom of money intended by government. He written this issue since 2010, most of sources are remind government to increase the funding for changing the policy of mental health. However, I agree with Patrick’s position, but it’s hard to implement because there are lots of external factors need to consider, include poverty and awareness of being mental health issue. That’s why even Patrick’s position is quite common, but it only helps audience to understand the crisis of mental health and less help for funding support of the policies.

Article 2: Many Australians ignorant of anxiety disorders, says beyondblue, a mental health charity

The article is written by Miki Perkins
, a senior reporter at The age. She mostly writes about social issue including mental health. Her motivation to write the article is from her concern about most of people thinks anxiety is a personality rather than mental health illness in Australia after she presents a survey that shows only 50% people knew anxiety is mental health issue. It is a well-researched article with opinion based from different interviewee. Miki’s position is many people don’t recognize the symptoms of anxiety on time. The position has lots of data support in the article. For example, according to Mental health charity beyondblue, 40% of people think anxiety is “just stress”. In fact, Miki wrote lots of article about social issue, include family violence and racist, these issues are another factors that connect to mental health. However, I agree with Miki’s position that most of people won’t tell to anyone when they have anxiety until devastating behavior happened, because most of people fear and don’t believe they are sick. Overall, the position is more focus on the issue of awareness, if compare to Patrick’s position, but both positions describing the same root of mental health issue, which is lacking support because of lacking awareness.

Article 3: Mental health workers say care compromised in detention centres

The article is reported by Ashley Hall, the presenter of AM, PM and The World Today at ABC News. He had an interview with Amanda Gorden, a fellow of the Australian Psychological Society and a member of the Immigration Department’s Detention Health Advisory Group, so all of opinions are from Amanda, which is subjectively compliant immigration detention centres is not doing a great job in the fields of mental health for asylum seekers. Obviously, it’s a factual and opinion-based article. Amanda’s position is government is contracted to work for mental health services because of mental health services is suffering by intensive quantity of work, that affect the quality of mental health services is lack of meaningful activity and the lack of control. I think this is a vicious circle about the heavier work for mental health services promote government to be contracted to work with, but it’s not the reason for government to lower the quality of mental health services, which is lazy and irresponsible. So I agree Amanda’s position and doubt the attitude of treatment from government, they look being racist to asylum seekers that proved by the comment to immigration detention centres as ‘places where people are made sicker rather than healthy’. However, even the article has bias present, but I think is reasonable that mental health services are not good enough in the fields of policies.

Article 4: The death of Khodayar Amini

The article is written by Abdul Karim Hekmat, a freelance writer and photographer. His motivation to write the article reflects the problem of treatment of asylum seekers in Australia by the example of the death of Khodayar. It’s a factual and editorial article and shows Abdul’s position that Khodayar’s mental health issue is from the bad treatment from policies and immigration detention centres, include handcuffed and assaulted by no reason but refugee. Louise Newman, a professor of psychiatry at Monash University, mentioned Australian government does nothing to prevent mental health issue for asylum seekers as most of them will be record as take drugs or alcoholic. That’s why Khodayar lost his dignity and feel no safety before he suicide. Most of his friends have great comment to Khodayar like a great cook. However, I think the attitude and treatment of government to asylum seekers has serious problem while making the mental health issue getting worst, they treat them as criminal rather than citizen and I believe no one should suffer that because of their identity, which is being racist. I strongly agree with Abdul’s position and it actually relates to Amanda’s position as well, which both of article mentioned the treatment of government is problematic for mental health issue.

Article 5: Family doctors fear a mental health scandal waiting to happen

The article is written by Dr. Nihara Krause, the consultant clinical psychologist and founder of stem4 mental health charity. She wrote most of article that’s related to children’s mental health. In fact, the article is Nihara’s experience to work with her charity as the motivation to write the article, and found that the mental health services for teenager is not enough, because of the external factors like exams for university or job that make them feel useless if they failure most of time, until become anxious. It is an opinion based article that describing in a subjective way. Nihara’s position is mental health services for young people becoming heavier than any of generation because they struggle for most of expectation from family, school and society. The article reported a data from NSPCC that 200% increase students feel stress is related to exams and competition in 2015. She thinks the education of prevention for mental health issue is totally not enough, and that’s why the quality of mental health service becomes a challenge. However, I think Nihara’s position is mostly base on her experience and accurate data, but I do not totally agree Nihara’s opinion about roots of mental health issue, I think violence of language and comparison from family and school is the main reason to promote mental health issue increase.


Overall, I think the attitude of government to mental health is not enough that can reflect on funding support and treatment of immigration centers. On the other hand, the people who need mental health services is increasing. So if government is still lack of awareness to improve the mental health services, that’s going to affect the society badly, include suicide rate and criminal increase. Also, education is another way to prevent the pressure of mental health services increase.


Hall, A. 2011, Mental health workers say care compromised in detention centres , viewed 1 August 2016, <;.

Hekmat, A. 2015, The death of Khodayar Amini, viewed 31 July 2016, <;.

Krause, N. 2016, Family doctors fear a mental health scandal waiting to happen,viewed 1 August 2016, <;.

McGorry, P. 2016, McGorry says mental health care becoming a field of broken dreams, viewed 30 July 2016, <;.

Perkins, M. 2015, Many Australians ignorant of anxiety disorders, says beyondblue, a mental health charity, viewed 30 July 2016, <;.

Image Reference:

Artur Borzecki Photography, 2016, Changes To The NHS Mental Health Service: Too Little, Too Late, For Far Too Many, viewed 30 July 2016,  <;.

POST 2: The relationship between economic and child mental health

by Yu Zhang


Mental health issue has involved in different crowd, especially children. One of reason to increase the rate of mental illness is about economic that could affect the quality of mental health services, includes funding support and quality of family treatment for children. This week I’m trying to focus on children’s mental health. Consider about children is always relate to family, school and policies, so I want to extend my research on mental health in children that might help to figure out some interesting positions.

Article 1: Greek financial crisis and child mental health

Base on the issue of mental health. I read ‘Greek financial crisis and child mental health’ by the associate professor of Child Psychiatry, Gerasimos Kolaitis. It’s a factual article with well researched. He’s writing for the child who has mental health that affects by financial crisis, and guides readers to realize the quality of treatment for children will affect future of the country. Basically, Gerasimos’s position is poverty is the distal risk factor for children’s mental health, because poverty promotes harsh parenting that guides child have antisocial behavior. That’s why since Greek financial crisis happened; the number of abused or neglected children is increased from 81 cases in 2011 to 170 cases in 2014. On the other hand, Greek financial crisis affect government cut 50% public funding in 2014 if compare to 2007, that affect the child and adolescent mental health services and supportive policies in the danger of being suspended or unable to be fully operational. It means mental health start lacking support because lots of mental health community centers, psychosocial rehabilitation units closed in last 3 years. Also, the phenomenon of social exclusion is rising by Greek financial crisis, it affects the rate of  suicide in adults is increased and some parents start to give up to financial support their children with debilitating disorders. This phenomenon reflects the psychology of poverty and how does economic relates to mental illness. However, Gerasimos mentioned the investment of support the vulnerable families with mental illness can help those children live with dignity and the society to prepare and improve the future, so no matter how’s the situation of financial crisis going, the funding of support child mental health should be considerable with priority.

Article 2: Challenges to Collaboration in School Mental Health and Strategies for Overcoming Them

Another article I read is ‘Challenges to Collaboration in School Mental Health and Strategies for Overcoming Them’ by Mark Weist, Elizabeth Mellin, Kerri Chambers etc. It mentioned much mental health services provided from school in America, and they have professional collaboration with school counselors, psychologists, and social workers to plan strategy for mental health. The position of the authors are mental health services in schools has many challenges to pass through. One challenge is not all of schools are able to provide the service because of poverty. Also, time is another concern, includes personnel training for teacher and data collection about what students need, and the specific role setting for interdisciplinary teamwork, includes extensive planning, monitoring, reflection, and fluid refinement of game plans and processes. So it’s very difficult to do and maintain mental health service without funding support. Unfortunately, schools are required to use limited resources with complex issues like poverty, substance abuse, and family concerns to improve mental health services, which is unrealistic. Also, school collaborates with mental health professionals is difficult because of authority, which means school counselors restrict mental health professionals for plan and manage as they think professionals are not the part of education, that also affect schools will not preferentially consider the coordination of services for interdisciplinary teamwork. The last challenge is limited funding that affects limited resources to support the collaboration, includes office space, laptop, and especially the construction of digital system to record materials about the situation of mental health for children. It’s always a competition to mental health professionals if they don’t have a document to update the information because they have to start again to collect the resources if schools change to collaborate with another mental health services group. However, funding and time are the main factors to stop the quality of mental health services in school to be better.


Overall, I agree with both article’s position and they are all mention about the effect of poverty on mental health, especially the importance of government support. The difference is the first article mentions how does poverty affect family and second article mention how does poverty affect mental health strategy in school. However, I think school is the link of mental heal services after I read these articles, it is the stage that can provide parents, educators, and psychologist to communicate how to plan and refine mental health strategy.


Giannakopoulos G. & Kolaitis, G. 2015, ‘Greek financial crisis and child mental health’, The Lancet, vol.386, p.335.

Weist, M.D., Mellin, E.A., Chambers, K.L., Lever, N.A., Haber D., & Blaber, C., 2012, ‘Challenges to Collaboration in School Mental Health and Strategies for Overcoming Them’, Journal of School Health, vol.82, pp.97-105.