Easy Come, Easy Go

After many attempts to articulate my problem statement, it has become apparent that I am still struggling to communicate the problem that I intend to solve. During class, I was having a chat with my classmates, we were saying how there are so many problems that needs to be addressed within this issue. Since I was still very confused with the process of creating an emergent practice, I drew up a quick mind map to brainstorm possible solutions. Although, I was falling behind with understanding what we had to do, soon, I was able to grasp onto a series of ideas that I could possibly work on. I also met with my tutor approaching her about my concerns with this project. I feel like I gained more clarity as to what I was doing although I didn’t have a strong proposal to present to her.

Proposal

For my design intervention, I propose a data visualisation called “Easy Come, Easy G0” to demonstrate how young individuals spend their earnings. Young people today are more likely spend excessively and do not plan ahead (long term goals).

Due to the high cost of living in Sydney, young people are not prioritising their savings for a housing deposit. This raises questions like…

“Where does the rest of their income go?”

“Does it change their quality of life?”

“Does taking away from other living expenses (food, clothing and recreation) limits their quality of life?”

Generation Y is now struggling to buy or even own a home without even knowing it. Considering the state of the housing markets, it is more important than ever to be more money wise especially for would be homeowners. The problem is that the younger generations don’t care about housing affordability and don’t really talk about it.

I intend to create a series of A2 posters that shows possible future scenarios and the consequences of excessive spending and not prioritising their savings. Alternatively, also showing possible outcomes where that money could have been used.

Ideally, I would like my audience to questions their spendings and maybe even feel slightly ashamed. I want to create awareness for young adults, so they are more cautious on their needs and wants. I want these posters to be thought provoking and inspire more young adults to start thinking about small habit changes in their life.

 

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brainstorming possibilities?!

POST 9: Visual documentation of the brainstorming session

BY CHRISTY HUI


The previous post was a basic framework to our collaborative brainstorming session as a group, by mapping the 5 W’s it has helped me gain more of an understanding to where I want my project to focus on. Below is the collaborative mapping to help us start off with our problem statement:

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As a group we have come up with a very general problem statement that defines what we are interested in looking into within the issue. Although this problem statement needs more refining this was a great start in helping us with the process of documentation.

In 21st century, Australia’s Generation Y is experiencing difficulties when it comes to buying their first home. Sydney is one of the most expensive cities in the world and because of the high cost of living, paired with the younger generation’s low to medium starting income, this creates unfair opportunities for them in a housing market dominated by older, richer generations and property investors. The lack of collaborative government support in affordable housing, and a surplus of unsuitable property supply, resulting in a rapid disappearing model of the Australian Dream.

STRENGTH: 

Collaborative mapping helps starts a small discussing between my group, while we explored key issues within the 5 W’s. By framing the who/ what/ when/ where/ why, lets us break down each individual category to our own understanding of the topic. It helps us see the general idea of how the issue is being addressed for further research for our design proposal. It is also a great way to help us find a focus point and look into that specific area within the issue.

WEAKNESS:

By individually answering the 5 W’s, and then coming back together as a group to redo a mapping with the 5 W’s seemed somewhat useless, since we all had very similar outcomes. I was still very confused to where this mapping is taking me and how it can relate to my future design proposal. Since I have a very vague idea of what we have to design, I would take another good look at the 5 possible statement (Post 8) and brainstorm more ideas to help me generate a better design proposition.

Possible solutions??

POST 8: BRAINSTORMING POSSIBILITIES FOR A DESIGN RESPONSE

BY CHRISTY HUI


Since there are many factors can contribute to affordable housing in Sydney, brainstorming these factors we can start looking at possible design solution.

During the brainstorming process, it gave me the opportunity to explore and find possible direction that I was to focus in my topic. Individually, we were given a set of question to answers that could help frame a problem statement. I found this task difficult as I was trying to narrow down into different factors that can play a part within this affordable housing crisis. I spent some time answering question for my problem statement, by taking a look at all the previous maps, I started to collate different factors that fall through the WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE and WHY questions. Taking these questions into consideration, the problem statement is to help us with our design solution that targets the age group of 18-25 years old.file-13-09-2016-10-46-54-pm

5 potential directions for design possibilities:

  • Sydney’s high cost of living paired with the low income of young Australians creates unfair opportunities for them in a housing market dominated by older, richer generations

Demand from locals, foreign investors and high income earners, are driving the prices of housing in an exponential level (cost of renting and buying) in the inner city area. This means urban sprawl, pushes many essential workers, first home buyer and young Australian out of the housing market.

  • If the majority of young Australians are not prioritizing saving for housing deposits, where does their income go? (and how does this affect their future?)

Due to the high cost of living in Sydney, young people are not prioritising their savings for a housing deposit but where do the rest of their income go? Does it change their quality of life? Does taking away from other living expenses (food, clothing and recreation) limits the quality of life. If this is an ongoing issue, how long will it take for young Australians to afford a housing deposit.

  • The Australian Dream of owning a home is becoming more difficult for young Australians

Owning a house is the great Australian Dream, it is an aspiration shared by everyone, regardless of race, culture, religion, income level and  where you live. Owning a home is a culture that us built in, but it is becoming more and more out of reach, but the dream lives on.

  • There is a lack of collaborative action towards facing this issue / There is a lack of innovative housing solutions in Australia.

Innovative housing will provide stable and secure long term rental  services can break the cycle of homelessness. Innovative housing solutions means have high quality, energy efficient accommodation, and that the development can be built faster and cheaper than if traditional methods were used. Solutions for sustainable living, that is efficient and productive can meet the demands of urban development.

  • It is becoming more difficult to live in a suburb that you want to live in and does not require a long commute to work

Middle to low income level earners are being pushed away causing urban sprawl, away from public infrastructures and job opportunities. Essential workers and young workers are commuting long hours getting to and from work, and sacrificing between home and work.

Initial Problem Statement:

Sydney have  long term structural problem that has been neglected for decades. The trend in housing cost burdens is reflected in rising real house price. Housing should be a human right, it is an essential element in building a sustainable city. For a sustainable city to be more efficient and productive, urban development can meet the demands of a growing city.

Housing affordability issue map.

POST 7: ISSUE MAPPING

BY CHRISTY HUI


In Week 2, we were to create a map based on human and non-human stakeholders based on our topic within our issue group. This was a very simple exercise to help us define the stakeholders that are affected by housing crisis in Sydney or plays a part in this issue. As the weeks go by, we are to use different mapping techniques to help us refine our maps.

One exercise we did in class was to begin with individually writing out 20 words that we thought highlighted the issue of housing affordability. We collated all these words with our issue group and wrote them out on individual sheets. As a group, we came up with these words:

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It was interesting to see some keywords that I wouldn’t have immediately thought of when relating it to the issue. This gives me an opportunity to expand on our research area through the bank of keywords we have. We then brought our keywords with the other issue group to combine all the keywords together.

We were asked to do a series of exercise using the words from our word bank. Firstly, we were to select a word that describe and summarise the topic within the issue that we have been interested in or researching. I was surprised to see that everyone had very similar topic that they want to research like, “spacial inefficiency”, “sustainability” and “sustainable housing models”. Sustainability is priority in housing solutions, when spatial efficiency and good urban planning can help maximise the supply and demand.

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For the next exercise, we chose another keyword that we found surprising or compelling from our research. The human stakeholders seems to have the most impact with this issue, from the essential workers to generational gap all is affected by the population growth and overcrowding of city, which leads to urban sprawl.

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As a collective, we created another stakeholder map that was more refined that the one we had in week 2, this was very helpful when it came to breaking down to different categories of stakeholders. This map was very simple yet effective, which helped me heaps with the rest of the mapping exercise we had to do.

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We are ask to revise our version of the stakeholder map. For this mapping exercise, my partner and I merged both our maps together, to create a more in depth and extensive map that tells us more about housing affordability so we can recognise where the recurring links are within the mapping. In this map, we separated the human stakeholder (pink) to the non human stakeholder Black), by categorising these stakeholder we are able to create connections within the stakeholders. A various of stakeholders are being affected by this issue, we are able to work this out by the overlapping connections in our map.

housing mapping

screen-shot-2016-09-12-at-4-01-35-pmListing polemics was a very interesting task it helped me identify a broad range of controversies that plays a big part in housing crisis. In addition, we are to attach three emotions based on each polemic. It was interesting to see many negative connotation attached to each polemic, words such as neglect, defeated, stress, exhausted and anxious. We were specifically looking at one category in the stakeholder map, “renters”, we believe they are being affected the most out and apply these emotion based on our previous research but also the way we would feel about these controversies. I have started to see the overlapping of issues and values people have with housing crisis.

Since we are able to identify the actors and also  able to link the relationship that exists, we can start recognising the issues that needs to be exposed or questioned and how these relationships need to be changed or acted upon.

Most younger generation (Gen Y) are being locked out of the market due to the cost of living in Sydney, but also with the low income rate it provides a lot of pressure for them to even step into the housing market. Generation X are also struggling with the lack of wage growth, not only it is affecting younger generation but also the older age bracket. Older age bracket are generally too wealthy to classify for income support and benefits from the government, yet too poor to afford their homes without undue amounts of mortgage stress.

 

 

tweet tweet

POST 6: Scraping the Web for data

BY CHRISTY HUI


#affordable housing

By web scraping the Internet for specific data, it helps with researching and insights others have put up on to a social media platform, for this case, Twitter. By downloading a Google Chrome Extension, Twitter Archiver, when a set of rule is created for this extension it helps search and collate content from Twitter.

I wanted to collect results based on housing affordability in Australia. By creating a set of rules on Twitter Archiver, the results I received was poor, with only 3 tweets. So then I decided to focus more on a topic I was more interested in which was affordable housing. I created a new Twitter search rule, where I included words that can potentially help me with my research and also hashtags that may help refine the search.

Twitter Search Rule: affordable housing, #affordablehousing, #housing and lang: English.

Screen Shot 2016-09-04 at 9.18.02 PM 1

Twitter Archiver accumulated 1038 tweets in the past week using the rule I created.

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It has collected a wide rage of interesting results and observations since Twitter is used by a community of people, who shared thoughts, information, data and ideas. Twitter allows users to post on Twitter about their personal stories or comments about ongoing social issues, celebrities or simply using it for networking as another form of social media.

I went through a few results by skimming through “Tweet Text”, from this I selected a few interesting articles that others have tweeted about the keywords I have input in to the search system.

From my observation, I realised that most of the tweets are on a based on a global scale. Most of the tweet are looking at the US, UK and Asia, this is because there is a larger density in population in these areas. Most of these tweets raises question about the issue with housing affordability, to bring awareness to those who are interested in knowing more about the housing crisis.

I found most of these tweet really interesting as they have different approaches to the issues, some are more informative and explores about the causes and effects. I also observed that most of these tweets are tweeted by different government organisation, business companies and design institutions. When using the Twitter Archiver I found a non-profit organisation called Next City, with a mission to inspire social, economic and environmental change in cities through journalism and events around the world.

Web scraping was useful, but it was very difficult to filter all the result to a desirable result. I wanted to look into affordable housing in Sydney, but when searched in the Twitter Archiver some of the result were unappealing. I decided to take a step further and gone into Twitter and searched “affordable housing Sydney“, instantly it presented me with more promising results without having to scroll through the Twitter Archiver.

Although I was able to look at this issue on a global scale, I wanted to focus more on affordable housing within Australia. I explored the idea of innovative living and affordable housing that can be implemented into our busy city. With the search from Twitter, it made it a lot more convenient to browse through content since I was able to understand each article based on the headline, most of these tweets seemed to be very biased and positioned in such negative connotation. It seems like people are just tweeting and blaming others rather than confronting the problem and finding solutions to solve these issues.

 

Do you think housing affordability affects you?

POST 5: APPROACHES TO DESIGN FOR CHANGE, DESIGN-LED ETHNOGRAPHY

BY CHRISTY HUI


THE INTERVIEW:

I have conducted a short interview, to gain more insights on housing affordability. I have asked my interviewee about his knowledge on housing situation in Australia, since he was an international student, it was interesting to collect data from those who weren’t locals. He believes housing affordability is a crisis in Australia, as he compared it back to his home country (Vietnam) with the of cost and land. He has said that houses in Australia is “overpriced”, in comparison to Vietnam, as you can get a decent house for $50,000AUD.

My interviewee rents a house in Lakemba, with a few other friends for about $400 a week, with 3 bedrooms. I found his perspective for his future plan with housing very different to many other people and myself. His future plan was to have a family, wife and two kids and rent his whole life until he retires. He believes after that he retires he would be able to buy a house for him and his wife, as his children would’ve moved out out of home. He believes that being able to rent, is more flexible when it comes down to location and living standards. Although he does wants to buy and own a house, he said it is unrealistic considering the cost of living, standard of living and cost of housing in Sydney was too high.

I also asked him about the solutions that can be made to help with housing affordability, at first he didn’t really have a clue about the solutions, but he thinks that by lower interest rates would get more people to buy and own homes, “many people are afraid of the interest rates, so it stops people from buying houses”.

PROBE:

After the interview, I have asked my interviewee to do a visual research based his income and expenses throughout the week, and and image archive of the houses he think he can afford in the near future. I also got him to find a house he would dream to own in the future as well.

matthew


5 POINT SUMMARY:

  1. There is a common understanding in housing affordability in Australia with the cost of living and the pricing of the housing is unbelievable.
  2. Living standard is high, living cost is high, shown through the probe as most money is spent on food and rent.
  3. Interviewee has the intentions of owning a house in the future, but not actively thinking about the buying a home due to the income.
  4. Different people have different future plans in terms of owning a home, but at the end of the day they still want to have a home for themselves.
  5. Generation Y is struggling to afford a home, they are being pushed out of the housing market.

Who’s Suffering?

POST 3: Mapping the participants (human and non-human) and constructing an image archive

BY CHRISTY HUI


File 28-08-2016, 10 45 28 PMmindmap_housing affordability (1)

During class, we were to map the human and non-human stakeholders that is relevant housing affordability. After, I mapped out the human stakeholders into categories, and in red pen i mapped the non-human stakeholders that also fall under the categories I have created in the map.


Image Archive

fig. 1 and 2 —reading about housing affordability

Inkcinct cartoons, is a platform of social and political feature and pocket cartoons with a slightly black and obscure indications. They are drawn on Australian and world issues but from an Australian perspective.

The illustration  on the right, shows a man, who is homeless, reading the newspaper that states “housing affordability at a new low”, this is to address Australia’s housing affordability crisis.This image was accompanied by an article in a newspaper, based on the budget cut in 2014 with the National Rental Affordability Scheme. It is showing that there is a new level low, where people are becoming homeless due to this crisis, how many people would be made homeless by the cumulative effect of budget cuts? With this budget cut it is forcing more and more people onto the streets.

The image on the left, shows the degrading of the houses each generation can afford. Baby boomers are usually referring to the older generation, where they “have it all”, many benefited from free tertiary education and relatively low housing costs. Hence, they have more of an opportunity to purchase a bigger house proven in the cartoon. Generation X is considered as those who had to work hard for a living and supporting family, this generation is our parents generation, working hard but can only afford a small decent house as an act of shelter for the family. Gen Y, us, we are having trouble affording a place to purchase and even rent, the picture depicts that Gen Y are more likely to afford to live in a tent.

fig. 3 and 4 — housing bubble

These two images shows the difference between housing investors and home buyers, and their position within this crisis. They are very contradictory imagery, as in both images the man on the left is blowing a bubble that says “housing bubble”, this is reflected through the notion of just blowing bubbles, the simple action in their sense seems a lot easier than those on the right of the images. Australians seemingly unaware how destructive a burst housing bubble can be, and the threat of a burst housing bubble in Australia is still hypothetical the impact of the current housing bubble on first home buyers is both very real and strong.

fig. 5 — imaging living here

“Imagine Living Here”, in this image the message can be interpreted in different ways, it is a play on message. There’s nothing more important than having a home, but Australians are finding it hard to get a place they can afford, whether they’re renting or buying. The sign is to poke fun of those who are struggling to find a place to live.

Image from Reconnecting America.

fig. 6— heavy load

For many people, those living in dense urban centers, living in anything more than a studio or one-bedroom is a choice that has much more to do with preference in lifestyle than affordability. There seem to mistake the choice to live in trendy, highly-accessible areas, in homes more spacious than we need, as an external burden being placed upon us. This burden often comes with the choice of  personal transportation as well.

fig.7 — foreign buyers

One of three historical murals in Vancouver’s Chinatown, it is created in 2010 by Shu Ren (Arthur) Cheng. This mural is called, “1884” depicts the Wah Chong family outside their laundry business on Water Street and is a replicate of the original photograph taken by Major James Skitt Matthews (1878-1970). This was when the gentrification and housing affordability in Vancouver had started to increase, caused by the alleged economic influence of so-called “foreign buyers”.

rich-versus-poor-keyimage

fig. 8— rich and poor

This shows how demographic is separated by the wealth of each individual. This can be applied in many issues in Australia, but with housing affordability it is also a divisor, where the rich lives in the richer areas (city area/North Shore) and the poor lives in poorer areas (Western Sydney).

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fig. 9 and 10— saving the city

“Saving the city” was exhibited at Venice Biennale by RSH+P (Roger Stirk Harbour + Partner) a sustainable architecture design firm in London. They made bold coloured graphic posters for the walls. They had created two different set of posters, one was information and statistics about housing crisis that is situated around the world, and their belief on housing affordability— decent housing is a human right.

Not only it talks about housing crisis, another set of poster highlights the information to what they believe would save the city, through a sustainable manner and informing audience to understand what needs to be done.


References:

fig 1. Ditchburn, J. 2007, Housing Affordability, Inkcinct, viewed 10th August 2016, <http://www.inkcinct.com.au/web-pages/cartoons/past/2007/2007-434-housing-affordability.jpg&gt;
fig 2. Ditchburn, J. 2008, Reading about Housing affordability, Inkcinct, viewed 20th August 2016, <http://www.inkcinct.com.au/web-pages/cartoons/past/2007/2007-434-housing-affordability.jpg&gt;
fig 3. Ditchburn, J. 2015, What the housing bubble looks like, Inkcinct, viewed 18th August 2016, <http://www.inkcinct.com.au/web-pages/cartoons/past/2015/2015-428–What-the-housing-bubble-looks-like-AUSTRALIA-ECONOMIC-MINE.jpg&gt;
fig 4. Ditchburn, J. 2015,The first home buyers housing bubble, Inkcinct, viewed 18th August 2016, <http://www.inkcinct.com.au/web-pages/cartoons/past/2015/2015-319–The-first-home-buyers-housing-bubble-AUSTRALIA-ECONOMIC-SOCIAL-POOR.jpg&gt;

fig 5.

 

 

 

Saving the City

POST 4: Identifying and collecting a design example

BY CHRISTY HUI


Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partner (RSH+P ) is an international architectural firm based in London. RSH+P is experienced in designing a wide range of buildings including: office, residential, transport, education, culture, leisure, retail, civic and healthcare.

RSH+P was invited to the 15th International Architecture Exhibition, at Venice Biennale this year (2016). RSH+P has explored and showcased an ongoing study of housing crisis and their development of sustainable housing in London. They created an installation called ‘saving the city’, which features a range of architectural diagrams, information and detailed scale models that demonstrate their use of innovative technology in living and work spaces.

RSH+P states that one in four people across the world are either homeless, lives in slums or substandard housing. Housing crisis is not only in Sydney, but also UK, Europe and all around the world. RSH+P believes that housing should be seen as a human right, just like food and healthcare, which makes up for an essential element in a city. By 2050, RSH+P said that urban cities will re-use land, build around public transport and mix uses are the solutions to sustainable form of an urban development as it will meet demands of a growing city.

This project is a combination of both research and examples that have been pioneered, a shift in traditional attitudes to construction can help in participating in housing needs. This benefits issues such as society’s housing which in turn helps save cities. Their strategy is an intention to introduce ‘spatial inefficiency’, a core that concretes the infrastructure, but has the very basic architectural plan and a vertical circulation.

“Our focus has been on developing an approach that delivers more space, more quality, more performance and more flexibility for less cost, less time and less fuss.”

They exhibits thirty years of factory built housing, and emphasise the need for a revolution in housing supply and demand, that are well designed, practical, fast-build, high performance and best of all affordable.

Tree House

They have displayed serveral projects that they been working on, one of the project was called “Tree House“, this project is a low-cost, yet highly insulated homes, that can be assembled in low-tech factories and be stack up to 10 storeys high. Each home is 75 square metres, and has a highly flexible internal layout, which has access to private and communal gardens/ blacony. The ground floor of this structure is a for the public domain; open spaces and cafes, to encourge interaction with the community building.

tree house, 2016, model 1:50

The Zip-Up House

RSH+P designed a house for a UK competition, “House of Today”. The Zip-up House was a protytpe for the practice’s scheme for prefabricated housing/flexible housing. Using insulated pannels (found in refrigerated trucks/ supports on steel jacks), this house was designed to be able to quickly be assembled cheaply, but is also adaptable and extended. Thick  walls panels (200mm) is used to self support and insulate the house—it is said, a one 3kw heater is sufficient enought to grenerate enough warmth for a standar unit.

the zip up house, 1968-69, model 1:20

Y:Cube + PLACE/Ladywell

Y:Cube and PLACE/Ladywell are two of their current projects that RSH+P is working on. These accomodation developed an economical and innovative housing solution in London, which provides self-contained and affordable starter accommodation for young people whos are having difficulties in gaining a first step on the housing ladder or pay the high costs of private rent.

The Y:Cube units are 26 square metres, one-bed studios, it arrives on site as self-contained units. Each unit is constructed in the factory with all the services—water, heating and electricity can be easily connected to existing facilities or to other Y:Cubes already on site. These modulars are designed for more flexible usage, additional units can be added iand can be taken apart and rebuilt in new locations. This method of construction makes for a neighbourly, clean and quiet site.

 

Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners said “The growth of urban populations and the rising threat of climate change makes building compact sustainable cities all the more important for the future of civilisation. We need to reinvent our cities, investing in transport and public spaces, and finding new ways to adapt and retrofit old neighbourhoods. Ideas like Tree House will help to build the cities of the future, but the fight to save our cities is a battle that everyone should join.”


REFERENCE:

designboom, 2016. ‘RSH+P continues to examine the housing crisis with ‘Saving the city’ at the Venice Biennale’, designboom, viewed 20th August 2016, <http://www.designboom.com/architecture/rshp-venice-biennale-richard-rogers-saving-the-city-06-03-2016/&gt;

Post 2: Building your expertise using scholarly secondary sources

BY CHRISTY HUI

In my initial research into housing affordability in Australia, I’ve analysed articles that had provided me with insights and understanding of why Sydney is one of the most unaffordable city to live in. With personal accounts, data and statistical information about the economic growth, capital tax and negative gearing all have an impact to the housing price.  When I started looking into scholarly journals about this issue, I found two article that addresses the housing affordability in a different manner.


Affordable Rental Housing Strategy 2009-2014

City of Sydney is the local government authority that is responsible for the Sydney CBD and more than 30 suburbs within the boundaries. City of Sydney recognises the issue with housing affordability in Sydney but also how it has a social, economic and environmental sustainability impact in the long term. The City has released a strategy report “Affordable Rental Housing Strategy”, which aims to to protect existing affordable housing and to facilitate new affordable housing in the City of Sydney area. The City also reports on the statistical information showing us the difference with low income earners renting on the private rental market compared to those who rent with The City’s affordable housing. The City’s definition of affordable housing with the concept of ‘reasonable’ housing costs in relation to the household income.

A common benchmark is that affordable housing is housing that does not absorb more than 30% of a very low, low or moderate income household’s gross income

The City acknowledges that having access to secure, comfortable and affordable housing is not the only basic requirement for all people, but is an essential that hold in the future of Sydney. I believe they are a reliable source, as these actions are in play right now providing affordable housing for low income earners.


Affordable rental housing: the problem and its causes

NSW Parliamentary Research Service also launched a research paper to bring awareness about housing affordability ; problem and its causes. Andrew Haylen writes papers for the Parliamentary Research Service expertised in research economist specialising in public policy analysis. This research paper is very similar to the previous academic source where it both addresses the problem and solution to affordable housing. Haylen uses many other academic sources and previous government policy and reports on this matter, showing elaborate research that causes of the affordable rental housing shortage. There is a long term undersupply of affordable housing in NSW for lower to middle income earners and for Sydney particularly, are vulnerable as a result of surging purchase and rental prices, as well as slowing wage growth. Haylen talks about the challenges for the government has, and how they are finding the right balance for those struggling with housing prices.

The NSW Legislative Council Select Committee on Social, Public and Affordable Housing concluded that “…without improvement at all levels in the system, there would be a cascading effect on housing choices, with people being pushed further down the housing continuum.”

The report conclude that this affordability issue affects households across all segments of the market, it is particularly pressuring lower income households in need of affordable rental housing.



References:

City of Sydney, 2009. “Affordable Rental Housing Strategy 2009-2014“, City of Sydney, viewed 12th August 2016, <http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/127369/affordable_rental_housing_strategy_amendments_FINAL_180510.pdf&gt;

Haylen, A. 2015. “Affordable rental housing: the problem and its causes”, Parliament NSW, viewed 12th August 2016,<https://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/researchpapers/Documents/affordable-rental-housing-the-problem-and-its-ca/Affordability%20in%20a%20nutshell%20-%20E-brief%20FINAL.pdf&gt;

Housing Crisis! Are you ready?

Post 1: Creating a data set using secondary source

BY CHRISTY HUI

2007-434-housing-affordability.jpg

fig 1. housing affordability
Ditchburn, J. 2007, Housing Affordability, Inkcinct, viewed 10th August 2016, <http://www.inkcinct.com.au/web-pages/cartoons/past/2007/2007-434-housing-affordability.jpg&gt;

I chose to focus on the issue of housing affordability within Australia, specifically in Sydney. The problem with housing affordability has been around for many years, but the impact on young people have grown. With the house pricing and rent increasing, it is becoming more difficult for first home buyers to even purchase a property. Today, more young adults are either living at home and/or renting; home ownership within this age group have decreased drastically over a period of time. Since I thought this issue was very relevant to me, I decide to take on this issue and research a wide range of topics that could possibly help me understand more about housing.


Give first time buyers a break

This article is from the Parramatta Advertiser written by Aidan Devine. Devine wrote this article to inform home buyers or those who are interested in real estate about the housing affordability in Sydney. Aidan is a journalist that specialises in housing and real estate, he has written many articles  about this issue beforehand. Devine informs and contribute his thoughts on the issue of reforming stamp duty that reflects the bracket creep for growth in home prices. He is an expert in this field, providing information from primary sources quoting government  statement, but as well as his own insight on this issue.  His articles are factual information written in his own context, he is not bias with his articles but more so talks about what the problem might be. He also writes alot about other states in Australia is better with the housing affordability than Sydney, because of the difference in stamp duty and bracket creep. I believe this article are well researched and informative for readers to understand what is going on with the housing budgets and the affordability for first home buyers.


Moody’s: The problem with housing affordability in Australia’s capitals may have peaked

David Scutt is a markets and economics reporter for Business Insider Australia. Scott writes for aspirational business leaders or those who are interested in business. He presents idea and facts from other business companies and reiterates to his own context and further expanding on information for the readers. Scott also provides resources such as infographics to prove his statement for his article leading to a more factual based article. Quotes are used to further understand the housing affordability in Australia. Scutt has written many articles based on different issues and topics but mostly all about economic growth, stocks and trading. I agree that Scutt has proven a few points about the government and the housing affordability, that younger generation like us have little to no chance of stepping into the property industry. His position in this article is to discuss the problem and the reason why housing affordability is a thing, but also taking primary sources from Moody’s Investor Service, analyst Natsumi Matsuda who talks about problems in housing affordability.


Housing affordability, inequality and our flat lining household incomes

Greg Jericho writes on economics for Guardian Australia, this article are for readers who are interested in economy and markets. Jericho contributes to secondary resources, but also expert in the area of economics, using sources to back up his information. This article about housing affordability and the income of households, he helps breaks down and discusses a report about Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (Hilda). Jericho compares the economics growth with America and Australia, using charts, infographics and data for a  further understand these issues to why Australia is suffering with housing affordability crisis.

As the report notes, “the increase in income stability from year to year is a positive development for people with good incomes, this is not a good development for people with low incomes, since they are more likely to have persistently low incomes”

This means home ownership is becoming less and less common due to the deadly combination of flattening income and increasing housing prices. Jericho also discusses the difference with American household income to the Australian household income and how it plays a major part of the housing crisis. This article is factual and researched based as he applies he own perspective on this issue but also relating his perspective to the Hilda Survey Report.


Are shipping containers really the answer for affordable housing? Time for a reality check.

This article is about affordable houses and how people are looking for alternative ways to build accommodation more cheaply. Vidyasagar Potdar is the author for this article, he write this for those who are interested in creative solutions for housing. The motivation for this article discusses the advantages of livable shipment containers that has been transformed into homes. Also mentioning that it is a great way for recycling and environmental sustainability. Potter is a specialist in the areas of low cost housing and constructions, he researches and writes articles based on his area of interest. This article is an editorial, it is well researched stating pros and cons of turning shipping containers into homes. It also discusses many aspects such as the space being used, the comfort level and the health and safety concerns. The authors position is neutral, where he recommends that more research should be done by the readers if they are interested with building a home, and looking into the housing requirements and the designs involved.


The affordable housing solution that actually works

Finding affordable housing solutions is a great start to helping those with low income earner being able to become a first home buyer. Wenlei Ma is a journalist for news.com.au, explains how Sydney and Melbourne are ranked the world’s most priciest cities for cost-of-living. Whilst low income Australians and young people are being kicked out of the property markets due to unaffordable housing prices. She introduces the organisation, City of Sydney, helping those with low income move into establishments reserved for low and medium income earner with local government areas. Her article is structured in a way to explore the problem of housing but also how the local government is creating solutions for this issue. I found this article very interesting as we are confronted with personal experiences by those who have been struggling with affordable housing.

“It’s pretty incredible that we can pay a capped portion of our income. With having a baby we couldn’t afford to stay in the area which is close to friends, family and work. I don’t think people are necessarily entitled to live close to work but it definitely makes a huge difference.”

This article is factual, opinion-based and research, as Ma takes real life stories and experiences to inform those who might be struggling with housing price that there are a different solution for cheaper and more affordable pricing.


How can Australia fix its housing affordability crisis?

With soaring house prices, it is putting the dream of home ownership beyond many Australians. Richard Aedy is a journalist and radio announcer for the ABC Radio National, he covers a wide range of topics such as crime, health, technology, education, economics, epidemiology, indigenous issues, social change and the media. Adey explains the Australian cultural attachment of owning their own home, where we all want to have an aspirational lifestyle. He challenges the idea of rental housing and how it “limits” your lifestyle in comparison to those with home ownership. In this podcast, Adey also invited guests within the field to help audience to familiarise with this issue, what home ownership in a suburban setting with land attached can make possible that renting often doesn’t? When homeownership is unattainable for the majority and renting is the only choice we have in the future, this means there are barriers for home ownership. These barriers is the wealth of the household rather than the income. I thought this was interesting when Adey also discuss about the under supply in our cities, and the problem in the housing market. This podcast is factual with personal perspective based on this issue to help keep audience interested.


 References:

Devine, A. 2016, ‘Give first time buyers a break‘, RealEstates, Parramatta Advertiser, p. 21, viewed 26th July 2016

Scutt, D. 2016, ‘Moody’s: The problem with housing affordability in Australia’s capitals may have peaked‘, Business Insider, viewed 26th July <http://www.businessinsider.com.au/moodys-the-problem-with-housing-affordability-in-australias-capitals-may-have-peaked-2016-5&gt;

Jericho, G. 2016, ‘Housing affordability, inequality and our flat lining household incomes‘, The Guardian, viewed 27th July, <https://www.theguardian.com/business/grogonomics/2016/jul/21/housing-affordability-inequality-and-our-flatlining-household-incomes&gt;

Potdar, V. 2016, ‘Are shipping containers really the answer for affordable housing? Time for a reality check.‘, The Conversation, viewed 27th July, <http://theconversation.com/are-shipping-containers-really-the-answer-for-affordable-housing-time-for-a-reality-check-60321&gt;

Ma, W. 2016, ‘The affordable housing solution that actually works‘, new.com.au, viewed 30th July 2016, <http://theconversation.com/are-shipping-containers-really-the-answer-for-affordable-housing-time-for-a-reality-check-60321&gt;

Adey, R. 2016, ‘Housing affordability crisis prompts debate over negative gearing‘, ABC Radio National, viwhttp://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/themoney/housing-affordability-crisis-prompts-debate-over-negative-geari/7259614