Global warming has become a noticeable problem since the twenty-first century. More and more people are beginning to attention about this topic. In this article, I will summarize the blight about global warming and the perspective of a probable solution like green energy, etc.
Global warming will cause the cloud disappear
A Russian news network called ‘informing’ have a piece of news. It said a professor at the University of California published an article is talking about the cloud will disappear on the earth and at present, the coverage area of could in the ground is already changing.
The report said that since the 1980s, the cloud began gradually move to the North and South poles at the same time. The height of cloud in the atmosphere also has risen.
The researchers noted that the cloud is an important regulator of the Earth’s climate. Clouds can reflect solar radiation back into space; that can make the earth’s temperature will not rise excessively. Clouds adjust the temperature of our earth. But unfortunately, global warming will affect the cloud, in the future cloud might disappear from the planet (Huanqiu 2016).
For this news, I don’t think the viewpoint is right. The author just said global warming would affect the clouds but not give us some dates and evidence to support his opinion. He uses a professor at the University of California published an article but not say the author’s name it makes people confuse the authenticity of the report.
In the past of ten years, sea level rise slows down
Minhui Luo the assistant professor of Atmospheric Sciences faculty, National Taiwan University suggest that according to the research of satellite probe in the past of ten years the moisture content of land has an increase. That cause the speed of sea level rise was retard 20 %. But it not means the trend of global warming is slow down.
Minhui has a cooperation with NASA, JPL about the project of the water cycle and sea level rise. “Science” published his research result about sea level rise slows down on February 2016.Minhui pointed out, GRACE is composed of two satellites, they can record changes in Earth’s gravity. From 2002 to 2014 the ice of alpine glaciers in Greenland and Antarctica continued to melt.In the past ten years the average annual of sea level should be increased by 3.3 mm, but the actual rise 2.5 mm, a decrease of 0.7 mm of water is “hold” on land.He also thinks it is unpredictable how long the water will be returned to the ocean. But he forecast in the next 10 to 20 years, the speed of sea level rise will faster than the average of 3.3 millimeters per year at present that should be being noted (Minhui 2016).
His research is about the mean rate of increase In the whole world. But in the low-lying country, the situation is more dangerous, and he also said in the next 10 to 20 years, the speed of sea level rise will faster than now that means the sea level rise problem is not remission it will break out more seriously in future.
Climate change will cause over 2 trillion dollars losses in 2030
The United Nations warned that by 2030, climate change could cause global economic losses amounted to more than $ 2 trillion. According to the report from United Nations Development Program (NUDP), they realized that by 2030, global warming would impact a number type of work. Agriculture and construction are most affected, persistently elevated temperatures will force some industries to adjust or shorter working time, thus affecting the countries GDP.
US “quartz” magazine has reported that the continuous high temperature will enable African countries Nigeria and Ghana’s GDP shrunk by 6.4% and 6.5% in 2030. Indonesia and Thailand will lose 6%, Philippines, Malaysia and Sri Lanka will lose 5.9%, Vietnam and Cambodia will 5.7%; Mexico, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Ethiopia, respectively will lose, 4.4%, 3%, 2.8% and 2.4%. China and India, the two Asian economies will lose 0.8% and 3.2% respectively. The United States as the only developed countries in the list, GDP will drop reach to 0.2%.
It is noteworthy that the United Nations University is detailing the impact of climate change on human health. They clearly state that extreme hot weather in the Southeast Asian region has resulted in the reduction in working hours by 15% to 20% in an annual and this numbers will rise double in 2050. Some experts said, to face the extreme weather-related economic losses. The Developed countries will get a smaller effect. Because they have better hardware conditions and sufficient resources to adapt to climate change. The report also suggested that developing countries can adjust their working hours and set the air-conditioning equipment and other ways to reduce productivity losses (Hong & Mu 2016).
Global warming will cause productivity decline thus make the enormous economic loss, especially for developing countries.
For the first three articles, we look through the harmful effect of global warming. For the next two articles, we will found some points about the solutions.
Fish have a smart recipe to deal with global warming
Climate warming causes the intensities of Ocean acidification. Scientists found that some fish is brilliant to response the Ocean acidification. They use the day as night. Improve the body’s protection mode to the acidification of seawater. Carbon dioxide and seawater mix will form a weak acid it is harmful to marine organisms. Global warming will exacerbate ocean acidification. At the day algae, seaweed, and other marine plants will absorb carbon dioxide into energy. That made Carbon dioxide concentration in seawater is low during the day and high in the night. The fish will self-adjust day and night to make sure they can adapt to the different level of carbon dioxide in the seawater.
The researchers found that a kind of fish called sea bream in the Great Barrier Reef in Australia could adapt well to the increased of ocean acidification. They breed offspring seem to have a more “flexible biological clock.” Reuters quoted that sea bream could adjust the body clock, pretending to have been living in the night.” The research results are published in “Nature and Climate Change” Journal (Yichen 2016).
These little fish have their ways to face the global warming. But this kind of evolution is not suited for every biont and can’t stop or remission global warming. So in the next part, I will find some feasible solutions.
Clean energy – A better way to face global warming
Fiona Fleck has an interview with Jeffrey D Sachs who served as United Nations Special Advisor on the Millennium Development Goals in 2015. Jeffrey will present at the Second Global Conference on Health and Climate in Paris. He tells us the WHO Working Group on Health Economics and Climate Change is help to organize: The links between climate change, fossil fuel use, and public health.bThe economic costs of the disease burden due to climate change and fossil-fuel use. The co-benefits of decarbonization for health and climate safety.
First, he talks about the detriment of global warming. Jeffrey suggests that Global warming is changing the ecosystem and human settlements in several ways. What thereby affecting human’s health and well-being. It will cause extreme weather events claimed countless lives and destroyed many people’s livelihoods. Climate change also affects food production, and It could lead food shortages, even famine.With The temperature rises, the media of various tropical diseases (such as malaria, dengue fever, and Zika virus media) expanded the scope. The habitat of human and animal have to change by global warming, and that may appear or reappear Ebola, The Middle East respiratory syndrome, SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and other zoonotic diseases. Global warming causes more stagnant air masses, especially in tropical and subtropical regions, increased levels of air pollution that caused by soot, tropospheric ozone, and other factors. Air pollution is now recognized the primary environmental factors that cause of death.(Jeffrey 2016).
By mid-century, the world’s energy system will be required fundamental decarbonization and about 2070 should reach net zero emissions. It is the only way we can have a chance of making the global average temperature increase below 2 degrees Celsius. And the limit set in the Paris Climate Agreement is 1.5-degree. The combustion of fossil fuels is a major source of smog and air pollution. Switch to low- and zero-carbon energy sources will help purify the air, especially make sense for high pollution cities in Asia. In many of the current highly polluted areas. Massive health and productivity gains will compensate to switch most or all of the additional costs of change to low-carbon energy. It will weaken or curb climate change and derive tremendous benefits (Jeffrey 2016).
Jeffrey notes that to achieve zero net emissions by 2070 is relying on the following three main pillars: First, more efficient use of energy (reducing energy consumption). Second, carbon-free electricity generation. The third is the vehicle electrification and clean energy use in buildings. Here are some ways we can achieve the goal of zero or low-carbon energy: renewable energy (the wind and solar), Geothermal, hydro, nuclear, Carbon capture and storage, Marine energy and advanced biofuels.
To sum up, the use of clean energy can help people to slow down the global warming.
Huanqiu, W 2016, ‘ global warming will cause the cloud disappear ‘, Chinese climate change information net, 15 July, viewed 10 August 20l6, <http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/08/09/1092022411039.html>
Wenjun, Y 2016, ‘ The reasons for sea level rise slow down in the past ten years ‘, Radio Taian International, 10 August, viewed 11 August 20l6, <http://cnnews.rti.org.tw/m/news/detail/?recordId=287935>
Hong, C & Mu, Y 2016, ‘ Climate change will cause over 2 trillion dollars losses in 2030 ‘, World people, 10 August, viewed 12 August 20l6, <http://world.people.com.cn/n1/2016/0810/c1002-28626643.html>
Productivity Losses Ignored in Economic Analysis of Climate Change, photographed by Tord, United Nations University, viewed 5 August 2016, <http://unu.edu/publications/articles/productivity-losses-ignored-in-economic-analysis-of-climate-change.html>.
Yichen, X 2016, ‘Fish have a smart recipe to deal with global warming’, Xin Hua News, 8 August, viewed 11 August 2016, <http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2016-08/03/c_129199440.htm>
Green Energy, photographed by Essentials,istock, viewed 11 August 2016, <http://www.istockphoto.com/photo/green-energy-gm509623825-45940650?st=53f8988>.
Fiona, F 2016, ‘Clean energy benefits the climate, the economy, and our health’, World Health Organization, 10 July, viewed 11 August 20l6, <http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/94/7/16-030716/en/>
You must be logged in to post a comment.