POST 10: Reflection and Proposition

The process of introducing and explaining my initial proposition to the peers was really helpful for me to develop further on my designing direction. As not having a very detailed ideas about the purpose and functionality of my design, I was able to get a clearer idea from classmates and tutors. I started to re-consider the overall process of the design after the discussion this week.

My draft proposition was basically to create an mobile application for those young ladies who were in a relationship and doubting if they were suffering from violent abusing.

Before this week, my proposition concept was very vague and lacking of logic. The main reason was that I didn’t tend to take the target audience into consideration.
There are a few feedback that I got from the peers. The first advice was in terms of the specialty of the interface design of the mobile app, as mobile application was a very normal product to be seen, it was very important to consider how to make the design stands out. The conclusion would be considering from the aspect of emotional relation and the extinct functionality. The second and the also the extra element that I was told should be considered was to visual the design as a systematic campaign, e.g. The marketing promotion, etc to really makes the design go alive. Thirdly, as the final purpose of my design was to provide corresponding solutions for the users, it was important to add some functional buttons on the interface to direct the users to immediate help.

Project Title: Step Out – An APP to help ending Intimate Partner Violence(EIPV)

Project Type: Service Design
The Issue: There are a large amount of young ladies in relationships who are unsure if they are suffering from intimate partner violence as some of them don’t know that being verbally and emotionally abused is as bad as being physically attacked. Plus once they find out this issue in their relationships, they would be helpless and be lost in who they should ask help from.

The Possible Change: To raise young ladies’ awareness of intimate partner violence as well as finding solutions for for those women who are suffering the issue.

My proposition is a supportive tool for those young ladies who are asking for help.

Basically, my idea is an APP that creates multiple kinds of quiz correspondingly for the users in various scenarios to test out what exactly situation they are in and then to show them what they can do.
As for better protecting users’ privacy, the information showing on the APP would all be anonymous. It begins with the choice of three categories of actions. I specify each them as Verbal actions, Emotional actions and physical actions. The various pages linked directly to each category to demonstrate some of the words, feelings and actions. The next page is a quiz page which will be a list of 10-15 questions to test out which stage you are at. It then will show you the solutions at the very next page. For example, if the result is 15 – 20 points which means you are in a healthy solution, it will provide corresponding solutions; if the result is 25- 40 points which means you are in a stage where you should take some actions, it will provide corresponding solutions such as a list of contacting details of relationship consultant; if the result is 45- 60 points which means you are in a severe stage, it will still provide users the corresponding solutions but with extra functional buttons such as emergency call, etc.
The visual style of the APP design is going to be female friendly. To reduce the negative side of the issue, I want to convey the positivity via the APP. In order to encourage the users to be brave, the bold and vivid colours scheme would be applied in the interface design. I want ladies to stand out and speak up instead of being passive about what they are suffering.

3 Posters: Through my first poster, I would like to demonstrate the users what intimate partner violence is by showing them the visual data of the definition as well as the influence of it. The second poster will be showing the process of my research and how it leads to my proposition concept. The third poster will be showing what us as well as the victims to do to help ending the issue. The overall visual style will be matching the APP.


Post 9: Visual Documentation of the Brainstorming Session


The image above shows a range of design responses which address the issue of my problem statement. It is generally categorised into service design, data visualisation, generative design. There are as well some very rough ideas that are being separated from the three main categories.

The fact that I was the only student in our group doing the issue of violence against women produced unique strengths and weakness to group environment.

It allowed me to gain fresh and unfamiliar ideas from the other students which were very different from my own approaches to the issue. For example, the idea of creating a system to record people using phrases that seem harmless but abusive via social media and display them in the screens in public pace was a very fresh ideas that I have never thought about. The group excercise broadened my concepts and thoughts.

However,as the rest of my group were quite unfamiliar with my issue and they didn’t have adequate understanding of my issue, so that I have to spend quite a lot time to explain my issue which took a big part of the excecising time. Also, I found it to be quite difficult for individual to come up with ideas that relevant to the issue. I think it was because we were getting used to our issue researching approach, it would be quite difficult to change my thinking mode to other modes.

POST 8: Brainstorming Possibilities for a Design Response

On the week before last week , we were assigned in a group of 4 to have a group brainstorming exercise, which required 4 of us to come up with potential design solutions as many as possible to a series of issue statements.
There are two steps in this exercise. The first step was for each group to propose a problem statement in regard to individual issues. The second step was for each group member to take 10-15 minutes in average to present their initial research in order to summarise a problem statement for further discussion.

The following is my problem statement read:
‘In an intimate relationship, women are lacking of the awareness that verbally and emotionally abusing is as bad as physically attacking women. Once the problem occurred, the victims might feel helpless and don’t know who they should ask for help from.’

There were few questions to be sorted before I came up with this problem statement.
Who does the problem effect?
women in a relationship aged from 18-24 who are in relationships
What are the boundaries of the problem?
Some victims don’t really realise that what they are suffering is actually a form of violence;
Women in a relationship have limited knowledge of who they should ask for help from.
What would happen when it’s fixed?
The victims would know what they should do about the issue to help themselves;
Improving victims’ psychological and physical health.
What would happen if the problem wasn’t solved?
The number of victims would be increasing;
Victims’ health would be threatened.
When does the problem occur?
At an intimate relationship
When does it need to be finished?
Anytime as long as it happens.
Why is it important that the problem is fixed?
There are huge number of women suffering from violence in multiple forms even without their realisation;
Violence is harmful for women’ s psychological and physical health, which would be influencing their daily life.
After this, each group members began to brainstorm possible brain responses in regard to the aspect of data visualisation, generative systems and service design. The brainstorm session is intense and fast-paced. it is to find that the student who was presenting the problem statement would be easily to get stuck in a certain category of design. Thus, it was very interesting to see the contrast between different ideas among each groups and the process of how a rough idea turned into a potential solution at the very end.

Five Points summary

  • Design a mobile application that helps women to test out if they are suffering any form of intimate partner violence and also show them what they could do to avoid it happening. This service design is aim to raise women’ s awareness of intimate partner violence and show them solutions if they were suffering from intimate partner violence.
  • Create a series of shocking posters to ask women to stand up and speak out. Intimate partner violence is a very sensitive and private area that most women would choose to be quite towards it. Thus, this design is to encourage women to be brave and take actions
  • Data visualisation that harsh and abusive words that correspond or equate to physically abusive actions.
  • Shooting a video/ advertisement to show the large number of women were killed from intimate partner violence/ domestic violence.
  • To record the phrases/ images/ videos that are generated through social media, i.e. Twitter, Facebook that seem harmless but actually quite abusive and display them on screen in a public space.

Draft proposal
‘ A mobile app for women ‘
I am proposing a mobile app that helps women to figure out if they are suffering in any form of intimate partner violence and show them the correspond solutions. The app will seek to help women in logical and functional methods. The app is also seeks to raise women’s awareness of intimate partner violence in their relationships.
The design of the interface will be emotionally related to women, i.e. The typography, colour scheme, language, tone of voice, etc. The application is free and can be accessed via mobile phones anonymously without any log in details requirement. This is for a better privacy protection.
A series of posters/ flyers will also come along to promote the mobile app. They will be displayed on the place on the areas where young women aged between 18- 24 years old visiting frequently, i.e. female bathroom, university blackboards, pubs, train stations etc.

POST 7: Issue Mapping

In this series of exercises, we were assigned to new groups to collaboratively create brainstorm mapping with other students who were doing the issue of gender equality and female’s rights. This collaboration activity gave us a chance to explore the complexity and dynamics among relevant issues. It also encouraged us to come up with more insightful ideas to support my further research in regard to my issue.



As I was the only student in the group doing Violence Against Women while the other students were all researching Gender Equality. We had different approaches to the issues.

There are two main approaches to Gender Equality, the first one is through the pay gap in workforce, the other was focusing primarily on the misogyny plays in women’s empowerment. There are intersections among the differences of approaches, i.e. Abortion, Discrimination and depression, etc. As we all focused on the motivations, consequences and various stakeholders, I found the certain common values that we shared in between our issues. The words that I came up with, i.e. ‘intimidation’, ‘psychology’, were also being agreed by other groups in the class. It is engaging to see how common some of the motivations and stakeholders that are shared by multiple issue members. It also encourages me to think more broadly about the motivations in terms of psychological reasons.


6The stakeholders are categorised into human and non-human in the map above. There are Education, Help&Support, Media in the non-human category, while there are Victims, Celebrities in the human category. Me and my partner specified each section later on, for example, to list the specific publications in the media section. In my opinion, this excercise allowed me to classify my potential researching sources to a practical condition.

3The map above covers the emotions, stakeholders and motivations that affect the stakeholders that are revolved around the controversy of Gender Stereotype. Me and my partners were mainly focusing on the emotions related on the issue and the what actions we could take while the issue happened. We later realised that most of the actors in this issues were related to each other. For example, ‘women’ are related to most of the positive and negative emotions.

4After exploring the actors and elements revolved around the certain issue, me and my partner joined with the other group members to map the polemics involved. By categorising each polemics, I found that the actor ‘ justice’ appearing in multiple sections. This result truly inspired me to research further on the justice and laws in regard to violence against women.

Collaborative issue mapping enabled me to explore and observe my issue in a more comprehensive extent. Unlike the individual brainstorming that we always did in other subjects, this group activity gave me the chance to look at my issue in a different angle. Through the various maps, we contributed and shared our different ideas, problems and perspectives to gender equality/ violence against women.

It is also inspiring to see how the other students’ habit of creating maps. For example, some class members tend to use images and icons to demonstrate their thoughts, while some of the others prefer to write their opinions down in sentences.
I am always amazed by the result of the mapping session, once the conversation in your group starts, the process just goes on smoothly and the ideas pop up continuously. It is hard for me to imagine how long it would take to come up with ideas if I did the maps by myself. In conclusion, the exercise in the past couple of weeks has inspired so much on violence against women issue and my listening skill has improved significantly.

POST 6: Scraping the Web for Data

The very initiate medium that I applied was Google, as it was one of the most comprehensive searching tools which were able to convey a large amount of news, websites and images regard to the topic of violence against women in seconds. Later I found that the types of resources on Google were too broad, I wanted my searching results to be more refined and clearly assorted. To solve this problem, I started to focus on Twitter as my data collecting tool.


For web scraping, I downloaded and installed the Twitter Archiver on Google add-on. Then I created a Google sheets to list the Twitter search that is relevant to the issue. My chosen key words are ‘ Celebrities in violence against women’ with the use of #PVAW hashtag. At this stage, my intention was to find out more about how and what the medias and celebrities could do to prevent violence against women as it might be helpful for me to come up with solutions for the issue.

With Twitter Archiver, it fetched over 10,000 tweets with the keywords and hashtags from the date 23rd August to the date 3rd September. I was amazed by the enormous quantities of the result at the first stage. When I explored further into the content at the second stage, I found out that not all of the tweets are relevant or valuable to the research, some of them are simply general comments on the issue with hashtags on. However, apart from these content-less results, you still have thousands of tweets with effective and inspiring information in various forms, e.g. News links, videos and images, etc.

Tweets from well-known medias in regard to the issue, they include:
– Governmental organisations.
– Non-governmental organisations.
– Publications.
– Celebrities.
– Movies.
The contents generally contain:
– Multiple images and videos.
– Links to their official websites.
– objective point of views.


Tweets from general public, they include:
– General Twitter users.
– Activists.
– Businesses.
– Non-governmental organisations.
The contents generally contain:
– Retweets in regard to the existing news.
– Comments on existing news.


To summarise my finding in five points:

  • It was generally the well-known public medias to initiate the news/ activities in regard to the issue. And the followers of the certain Twitter account would re-tweet and comment the original tweet to spread the news and get more users’ attention.
  • More than 85% of the tweets were conveyed via mobiles applications such as Twitter for Andriod, Twitter for Iphone, Roughly 10% of the tweets were from web Twitter and 5% approximately of them were from other sources such as Facebook. It is a solid evidence of how the power of mobile technology affecting social media, especially for a speedy response form of media tools like Twitter.
  • From the conclusion of the user names and profile images, there are over 70% of the individual Twitter users in regard to this issue were female. In other words, females tend to be more emotionally and compassionately resonating to the issue.
  • There are approximately 60% of the tweets with the keywords ‘ Violence Against Women’ were from North America especially the USA. In my opinion, the reason might be that Twitter is an invention from the USA, thus the majority users are from the state.
  • As Twitter Archiver is an useful social media with well assorted information, I would focus on more detailed tweet keywords and hashtags. It would allow me to collect more related and most recent events/news that are happening on the social media.

“16 Celebrities Who Support The Cause To End Violence Against Women | The Pixel Project’s “16 For 16″ Campaign”. N.p., 2016. Web. 3 Sept. 2016.
“It’S Not Just Cosby: Hollywood’S Long List Of Male Scumbags”. The Daily Beast. N.p., 2014. Web. 3 Sept. 2016.
“Julie Lalonde On What Amy Schumer Gets Right About Domestic Violence – Flare”. Flare. N.p., 2016. Web. 3 Sept. 2016.
“Rose Mcgowan Calls Out ‘X-Men’ Billboard That Shows Mystique Being Strangled”. The Hollywood Reporter. N.p., 2016. Web. 3 Sept. 2016.
“These Awesome Celebs Aren’t Afraid To Speak Up About Violence Against Women | MTV UK”. N.p.,2016. Web. 3 Sept. 2016.
“Why Do Famous Men Keep Getting Away With Violence Against Women?”. Huffington Post Australia. N.p., 2016. Web. 3 Sept. 2016.

Post 5 – Interview and Probe Design Task

In this blog post, I will demonstrate the process and result of my interview. In addition, I also created a design probe to help me to get to explore more comprehensively about the issue.


The Interview
During the past four weeks, through the research through various news, articles and the website of support websites, I built my knowledge of the issue. According to the study, I developed my researching direction based on the complex factors that cause violence against women. This includes the definition of the issue and the victims that are related to the issue itself. As to examine the practise of this issue, I decided to collaborate the theoritical basis with the factual answers.
I conducted an interview in the class based on my issue. The interviewees are a male and a female, aged between 20 – 22 and in the different issue group with me.
Interviewee 1 Name: Nancy Gender: female Age:21
Interviewee 2 Name: Jeffery Gender: Male Age:22

1, What do you mean by violence against women?
Nancy: In my opinion, any kind of behaviours against women’s will in any forms would be defined as violence against women. To be more specific, there would be physically, verbally and mentally attacking.
Jefferey: It’s hard to define the issue for me but I suppose violence against women is making women feel uncomfortable in any forms.

2, What factors do you think would cause men conducting violence against women?
Nancy: I’m actually quite confused about this question as well. I think the main reasons would be the man’s violent personality and he was lacking of the concept of respect to women.
Jeffery: I’m not quite sure but I think it would be the fault for both sides. The women who are suffering might probably not be managing her life very well, and those men might be living under the pressure from work and things.

3, Have you every heard of your family members/ friends suffering from this issue previously?
Nancy: It’s a quite private question but yes one of my high school best friends was suffering from this issue previously. My friend’s boyfriend didn’t treat her well and there were always fights involved in their relationship. Her boyfriend would always severely cursed her. And there were several times, pushing her to the ground which left wounds on her body.
Jeffery: No I never heard of this happened to the people around me previously.

4, How did you feel when you heard of their stories? What were some of your reactions?
Nancy: I felt angry and shocked when I friend told me about this. I suggested my friend to leave her boyfriend but she insisted not to because she claimed that she loved her boyfriend very much. But it was painful for me to watch my friend suffering.
Jeffery: I would be very sad and shocked if I knew the people around are suffering.

5, What would you do to help them? Is there any specific organisations/ helplines that you know in this certain category?
Nancy: The only thing I thought of I could do back then was suggesting my friend to leave and that was all. To answer the second question, no I don’t actually know any helplines or organisations to support the protection of women.
Jeffery: I would suggest the victim to ask for the help from online communities. To answer the second question, no I don’t actually know any helplines or organisations to support the protection of women.

It is very interesting to see the contrast between the two interviewees’ answers. One of them tends to be more open and subjective about the issue and the other interviewee’s answers are more objective. What I found in common among the interviewees were both of them knew very little about the methods to help the victims.


Probe Design Task
In this excercise, I’ve set up a research based project for participants to undertake during this week. This activity required the participants to record their searching histories and the results they found that were related to stop the violence. Essentially, the purpose is to explore the activities and reactions of the participants towards the issues, to test out all the potential solutions to support protecting violence against women.


The result has been categorised to organisations, helplines and personal advice. Currently the major help & support communities that can be found online are the non-profit organisations that help to call up more people to support preventing violence against women. On one hand, they display data and information on the websites to educate the audiences about this issue. On the other hand, they provide lists of helplines to support the victims. In addition, it is also motivated to see how various the methods of the help and support can be, from the hotlines of non-profit organisations and governmental organisations to the personal advice from the online publications , the potential of the supporting channels are multiple.

This very aspect can be re-developed into further issue subjects. For example, how people treat the different stage of violence against women? How broad the victims and social characters would be involved around this issue?



  • People have incomplete concepts about the definition of violence against women.
  • It is important to raise their awareness of noticing the issue.
  • Understanding the how the supporting methods running to provide the service.
  • Different gender group has different insights about the issue of violence against women. Female groups, including myself, generally concerning more about the aspects of emotions. Male group, however, focusing more on the motivations of the issues.
  • The social characters in supporting preventing violence against women are multiple. It is helpful to have further exploration of the process of helping methods.

“White Ribbon -“. White Ribbon. N.p., 2016. Sun. 28 Aug. 2016.

“These Women All Died In 2015: ‘They Are Not Just Statistics'”. ABC News. N.p., 2015. Sun. 28 Aug. 2016.

“Stop Violence Against Women – Amnesty International Australia”. N.p., 2016. Sun. 28 Aug. 2016.

“Relationships Australia NSW | About Us”. Relationships Australia NSW. N.p., 2016. Sun. 28 Aug. 2016.

POST 3:Mapping the Participants





The map above is the map that I generated based on the previous maps that was created during class through group discussion. I categorised the stakeholders into human and non-human, and using different colours and shapes to explore the common and difference between different characters of the stakeholders play among the issue.


Image 1
As I was focusing on the the specific subject of intimate partner violence(ipv) within violence against women. I found out that the victims in the intimate relationship violence are not only women but also include the children who encounter the fight. This image pop up when I type the words ‘ Children in Intimate partner violence’. The black and white tone of the image creates a cruel feeling for the image. The dramatic contrast appears on the innocent look of the children and the black inks on their body.

Image 2
The harms that the intimate partner violence brings to women are obviously sever, as they are the direct victims of the physical or mental violence. However, besides women, the impact of intimate partner violence is a hidden issue among the psychology terms. The words you write or speak to others can leave a huge impact and create a lasting memory.

Image 3
This is an image in the Amnesty International web page. Amnesty International is a global movement of over 7 million people committed to defending those who are denied justice or freedom. The activists on the website to help people to raise women’s awareness of self protection. Violence against women is one of the most widespread human rights abuses. Every day, thousands of women and girls are abused and murdered by their families, raped in armed conflicts and attacked for defending women’s rights.

Image 4
This is a beautiful hand- drawing image at the first sight. However, I was shocked when I saw the title of the image source ‘ These are part of the Australian women who died in 2015’. And what they have in common is their partners or ex-partners have been charged in relation to their deaths or have been named as the suspect in a murder – suicide.

Image 5
This is a image that I found on the ABC news. It portrays the working scene of a domestic violence helping hotline. There are hundreds to thousands of women in Australia calling the emergency hotline for help. As I was currently working on this illustration gives me a direct reflection on the how sever the issue is and how the help is vital. It is not just the numbers of calls that are rising, but the depravity of the crimes being committed.

Image 6
A DV Connect staffer will attach a red dot to a refuge number when a referral has commenced, letting the other counsellors know which centres have incoming women. The board is updated throughout the day with availability: a bed for one woman here, enough room for a woman and one child there. On the day the ABC visits, most of the 30-odd shelters have “FULL” written in red ink in next to them.

Image 7
Especially for some developing countries in southern Asia, violence against women has became one of the biggest threat to the women’s health today. The cause for it is complex, which would always include the issue of religions, discrimination, culture, tradition, etc. Women are always the weakness group in those countries, which is the key factor that they become the victims. In addition, the awareness of avoiding violence against women is relatively low in these countries.

Image 8
As a female myself, I feel compassionate and pathetic when I first saw this image. I could imagine the feeling for those women who were suffering from sexually violence from their partners. At the same time, the only solution for avoiding the issue is to educate the young male in the new generation to respect females as well as send help to the females who suffered.

Image 9
The ‘ black and blue dress’ was once one of the most trendy memes in the entire social media. The dress that inspired a thousand think pieces has been repurposed for a noble cause, featuring at the centre of a powerful advertising campaign against domestic violence. The South African chapter of the Salvation Army has co-opted “the black and blue” or “white and gold” debate that consumed the WiFi-ed world last week to deliver a potent message about the invisibility of the epidemic of violence against women.

Image 10
Mind controling.jpg
As the definition of violence against women says: violence against women is not only or always physical. It includes psychological, economic, emotional and sexual violence and abuse, and a wide range of controlling, coercive and intimidating behaviours. The image shows how serve the issue of mind controlling over women and how helpless women could feel in the situation.


“Domestic Violence Against Women – Successful Lady”. Successful lady. N.p., 2016. Web. 29 Aug. 2016.
“Frequently Asked Questions About Domestic Violence – Women’s Aid Federation Northern Ireland”. Women’s Aid Federation Northern Ireland. N.p., 2016. Web. 29 Aug. 2016.
“Ourwatch – Facts And Figures”. N.p., 2016. Web. 29 Aug. 2016.
“Rajput_Ramesh : They Are Angelsnot A Sex Toy Http://T.Co/V29i0dnpxu | Twicsy – Twitter Picture Discovery”. Twicsy. N.p., 2016. Web. 29 Aug. 2016.
“These Women All Died In 2015: ‘They Are Not Just Statistics'”. ABC News. N.p., 2015. Web. 29 Aug. 2016.
“Why Is It So Hard To See Black And Blue?: #Thedress Used In Domestic Violence Campaign”. The Sydney Morning Herald. N.p., 2015. Web. 29 Aug. 2016.

POST 4: VXA – Mobile Applications For EVAW

Setha Rath,. Power Control Wheel. 2016. Web. 20 Aug. 2016.

Despite some areas of progress, violence against women is still an endemic issue in Cambodia, with a quarter of all women having experienced physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence. Further, as rapid socio-economic development and poverty reduction increase opportunities for women and girls, new vulnerabilities arise. Not only is violence against women a severe rights abuse; the costs of violence constitute a major impediment to Cambodia’s further social and economic development.

Inspired by Cambodia’s rapid progress of technology and social media, local and international stakeholders have begun pursuing innovative online and mobile solutions to extent the possibilities to combat violence against women. In the year of 2015, with the support from the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development(DFID), designed by local activists at the Cambodia Young Women Empowerment Network for communities most impacted by violence against women – The Asia Foundation launched the first mobile application to help combat violence against women in Cambodia. The application enables the users to receive legal information, peer support, anonymous reporting, and personal network alerts.
The innovation of the application is a collaboration of technologies, issue explorations and design. It is started by the initial ideas that were came up with by the committed activists who had come up with the idea for an app after meeting with women in rural areas who confirmed just how prevalent domestic violence is. And then adopted a series of design toolkits and engaged a skilled design facilitator to help fill in gaps in the app expertise. The results of the application created not only online application, but also a set of learning points.
In conclusion, there are five key takeaways that the innovators gave when designing a mobile app for ending violence against women:
1, While apps can be a powerful tool, especially in countries with high mobile penetration rates, other interventions are essential, including peer-to-peer education, counseling, and alcohol abuse reduction programs.
2, Using human-centered design (HCD) does not guarantee instant success for an app. In order for the process to be as powerful as its potential, it requires a firm commitment to engaging end-users throughout the design process. Understand the time, resources, and user-involvement requirements before starting to design an app will help sustain commitment
3, Like many applications, EVAW apps require investments to maintain complex backend systems and websites. Allow time to conduct in-depth research into potential providers of these services and the exact costs associated with them. Often there are hidden costs.
4, Examine existing apps to see if anything resembling your solution already exists (see App Inventory), or if it would be possible to adapt what already exists rather than creating a whole new app.
5, The most complex design challenge is likely to be promotion and sustainability of the apps themselves. The more specific the app is for EVAW or a subset of users, the more challenging the app will be to get sufficient uptake to sustain the app moving forward.

VXW Award – Putting An End To Violence Against Women”. N.p., 2016. Web. 22 Aug. 2016.
Welcome To End Violence Against Women International”. N.p., 2016. Web. 22 Aug. 2016.



Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of the Pediatrician

The article, Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of the Pediatrician, is written by multiple authors including Jonathan D. Thackeray, MD, Roberta Hibbard, MD, and M. Denise Dowd, MD, MPH, The committee on Child Abuse and Neglect, and the Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention. This document is copyright and is property of the American Academy of Periatric and its Board of Directors.

This article reveals a study of Amerivan Academy of Pediatrics in regard to the issue of the impact of IPV to the children who are not only exposed to Intimate Partner Violence, but also become the victims. The goal of this article is to raise peditritians’ awareness of such a profound effect to the children and educate the pefitritians the methods to approach and medicate those children who are suffering IPV. They are encouraged to support local and national multidisciplinary efforts to recognise, treat and prevent IPV.

The American Academy of Pediatrics and its members recognize the importance of improving the physician’s ability to recognize intimate partner violence (IPV) and understand its effects on child health and development and its role in the continuum of family violence.

“Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of the Pediatrician”. Pediatrics ;May2010, Vol. 125 Issue 5. 08 Aug. 2016.

From “Buzzword” to Best Practise Applying Intersectionality to Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence

The scholarly article, From “Buzzword” to Best Practise Applying Intersectionality to Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence, is written by Nicole Etherington and Linda Baker. The authors are from the academic background of Centre for Research & Education on Violence Against Women& Children and the Faculty of Education, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. The empirical studies assure the professional standard of the article.

According to the authorised resources, empirical studies on the impact of intimate partner violence(IPV) on children have increased over the last three decades. This is the main reason that motivated the author to write the article, to declare the atmosphere that little or no attention has been given to issues of children’s exposure to IPV by demonstrating factual analysis results.

In this article, the author examine the current stage of the literature on children exposed to IPV through an exploratory meta-analysis, finding limited application of intersectionality and a focus on the difference. The authors suggest to establish a child- centred approach that recognises diversity among children exposed to IPV.

Etherington, Nicole and Linda Baker. From “Buzzword” To Best Practise Applying Intersectionality To Children Exposed To Intimate Partner Violence. 1st ed. 2016. Print.10.Aug. 2016



Understanding Violence- What’s Happening in Australia?

This Fact and Figures are the research by author unknown, displayed a series of informative and shocking statics, facts and definitions behind the issue of violence against women. The information is written for an independent, not for profit organisation named Our Watch whose aim is to raise awareness and engage the community in action to prevent violence against women and their children. The organisation itself is committed to an evidence- informed and evidence- building approach to prevention of violence against women and their children. The main resources of the facts and figures come from the database such as Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), 2015, Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 2012, etc. Besides, the orgaisation is also an initiative under the National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children 2010-2022 and complements the work of Australia’s National Research Organisation for Women’s Safety( ANROWS).

The factual based databases on the website are constantly updated with the development of the issue itself. They bring together the vital work being done to the prevention. As far as I concerned, the characteristics of the truth based facts significantly influence the broader Australia community, provide opportunities for community leadership as well as support future work in primary prevention.

“Ourwatch – Facts And Figures”. N.p., 2016. Web. 02 Aug. 2016.

“Our Watch | Department Of Social Services, Australian Government”. N.p., 2014. Web. 02 Aug. 2016.


Violence Against Women: Govt Asked to Implement Laws

This news article,Violence Against Women: Govt Asked to Implement Laws , is written by the news channel named News Desk of the online news media platform The Express Tribune. The Express Tribune is the first internationally affiliated newspaper in Pakistan. Partnered with The International New York Times – the global edition of The New York Times – the paper caters to the modern face of Pakistan.

With a staff of acclaimed journalists, the aim of this specific news piece is to defend the liberal values and egalitarian traditions they(the authors) believe in. The awareness of protecting females’ rights and preventing violence against human have been risen increasingly in some of the developing countries like Pakistan.

The news is written after the launching ceremony of Institutional Capacity Strengthening of women Development Department project. This project is launched to accelerate the speed of the government implementing conventions on women’s rights. This article is driven by the current society of Pakistan, the authors stand at the same field with other international authors, to advocate taking further actions to address the issue of violence against women.

“Violence Against Women: Govt Asked To Implement Laws – The Express Tribune”. The Express Tribune. N.p., 2016. Web. 13 Aug. 2016.



Domestic violence hotline faces spike in demand

‘These women are not just statistics’
This news article, these women are not just statics, is written by Heidi Davoren, who is an online digital producer and journalist with the ABC Digital team. The article is posted on the Domestic Violence news session of ABC News.
The news is focused on displaying all the Australian women who have died in the year of 2015. What they have in common is their parters or ex-parters have been charged in relation to their deaths or have named as the suspect in a murder-suicide. Featuring with the women’s families and friends’ narration in regard to the stories of their lives, the female author creates a sense of compassion and pity in the article.
Same with other authors, Heidi is also in the position of raising the awareness in action to prevent violence against women and educate the audiences the severe situation that some of the Australian women have encountered. However, what Heidi has done differently from other authors was that she turned the traditional statistics into pictorial images to emphasis the truth that the their deaths are tragic and impact everyone. In my opinion, this narration method successfully make the audience thinking.

“These Women All Died In 2015: ‘They Are Not Just Statistics'”. ABC News. N.p., 2015. Mon. 01 Aug. 2016.


When Love Turns to Fears

This article, When Love Turns to Fears, is written by Ginny Graves, for the issue 3 of periodical Good Housekeeping. Ginny Graves is a regular contributor for the column of Wellness and Relationship in Good Housekeeping. She is constantly writing for the column of wellness and life.

The article discusses how smart and strong women can fall victim to emotional manipulation leaving them helpless and insane. It features women who experienced emotional abuse from their partners, providing information on gashlighting, a type of emotional abuse in which name was taken from the 1944 film “Gashlight,” providing information on why women stay in an abusive relationship and offers tips on how to avoid emotional abuse.

The interview sessions and the scientific theories are combined in this article to reveal the complex facts behind intimate partner violence(IPV). It is a combination of facts and editorials. On one hand, the author gives examples of different women’s reactions towards the IPV they experience to motivate the viewers to engage with the stories. On the other hand, she conclude the scientific and psychological reasons correspondingly to each story to educate the the viewers. As far as I concerned, it is an educative and informative article that significantly raise the awareness of intimate partner invoice.

“When Love Turns to Fear”. Good Housekeeping ;Mar2016, Vol. 262 Issue 3, p72. 02 Aug. 2016.

Graves, Ginny etal. “Ginny Graves – Good Housekeeping”. Good Housekeeping. N.p., 2016. Web. 02 Aug. 2016.


‘These women are not just statistics’

This news article, these women are not just statics, is written by Heidi Davoren, who is an online digital producer and journalist with the ABC Digital team. The article is posted on the Domestic Violence news session of ABC News.

The news is focused on displaying all the Australian women who have died in the year of 2015. What they have in common is their parters or ex-parters have been charged in relation to their deaths or have named as the suspect in a murder-suicide. Featuring with the women’s families and friends’ narration in regard to the stories of their lives, the female author creates a sense of compassion and pity in the article.

Same with other authors, Heidi is also in the position of raising the awareness in action to prevent violence against women and educate the audiences the severe situation that some of the Australian women have encountered. However, what Heidi has done differently from other authors was that she turned the traditional statistics into pictorial images to emphasis the truth that the their deaths are tragic and impact everyone. In my opinion, this narration method successfully make the audience thinking.

“These Women All Died In 2015: ‘They Are Not Just Statistics'”. ABC News. N.p., 2015. Mon. 01 Aug. 2016.