1. Who does the problem affect?
The problem affects a variety of groups from individual to organisational.
- Everyone and anyone.
- Smaller scale communities.
- Under developed populations, taken advantage of by larger and more powerful stakeholders, such as business owners or governments.
- The general public that are manipulated, under educated and masked by the truth and urgency of the issues present in climate change through media and policies.
- Future generations, these being the generations without the ability to change or prevent the actions of current generations.
- Species, marine and land, which in turn effect systems and biodiversities that even humans interact with.
- Families, the livelihoods involved in the issue, the people un-educated by the problems of their practices (i.e. overfishing or pollution) but unable to act on this.
2. What are the boundaries of the problem?
- A lack of awareness, this will involve educating the uneducated.
- Lack of understanding, the vague understanding of the processes of climate change and how it effects processes and cycles on a wider scale.
- Naivety or skepticism. Groups aren’t interested or choose to denounce the importance of climate change and more particularly coral bleaching. There is no understanding of how it affects individuals personally.
3. When does the problem occur?
- There is a sense of urgency with climate change, most noticeable in global warming trends and coral bleaching. With now three mass coral fishery deaths around the world it is only paramount that more will follow.
- This directly affects the dependency of species interacting with the area and thus the dependency of humans on the ocean.
- There are long term and short term impacts of coral bleaching.
4. Where is the problem occurring?
- The Great Barrier reef and coral fisheries in Australia.
- Coral Fisheries around the world; The Great Barrier Reef, Australia, The Palancar Reef, Mexico, Raja Ampats, Indonesia, Grand Central Station and Chimneys, Fiji, Belize Barrier Reef, Belize, Magic Passage and Planet Rock, Papua New Guinea, Andaman Sea reefs, India, Aldabra Atoll, Seychelles.
- Particularly, in the Australian Great Barrier Reef, the corals affected north and central to the Queensland coast are most impacted. The area’s that undergo over tourism or that are affected by overfishing and pollution.
- The indo-pacific regions and small coastal communities meeting at the oceans could be analysed as a more widespread impact assessment.
5. Why is it important that the problem is fixed, what impact does it have on all the stakeholders?
The ocean is the centre all of life. An unhealthy ocean is an unhealthy life, both in water and on land.
Documenting Potential resolutions:
- Emphasising the importance of marine conservation for ALL species.
- Using factual and researched proof of coral bleaching and transforming this content from black and white to shapes, sounds, light and form.
- Creating empathy for the living species interacting with and around coral reefs.
- Increasing awareness of the issue of coral bleaching, so as to counteract the lack of education that bounds the problem.
- Illustrating the death and grave yards of past species.
- Illustrating the death toll in relation to external systems; i.e. ecosystems, farming, recreation.
- Visualising deterioration and degradation in relation to time and colour.
- Illustrating connecting paradigms and stakeholders through lines, textures, shapes. Creating a more manageable and simplified system of making these connections and understanding the cause and effect of these networks.
Possibilities: Visual Solutions
Coral bleaching affects marine species and habitats of the northern region of Australia, particularly the biodiversities and ecosystems that live on the 2300km of the great barrier reef. The coral bleaching affects the 600 types of soft and hard coral of the region and the variety of species that live and interact with the area. The issue is bound by the lack of education of governments, coastal communities and nautic users promoting over-fishing, over-tourism, and disposal of waste in the area, thus disturbing the natural balance within the habitats and ecosystems interacting with the ear. Eventually, these man made issues cause these reef fisheries to die. Ocean conservation is urgent and imperative in these areas seeing as the ocean is the being of all life and without it all life may perish or be harmed, from ecosystems in water to on land and including those of which humans interact with.
Future generations, impacted by the capitalistic and consumerist society of today are the main stakeholders effected in this transition period of climate change. With a tally of three mass deaths of coral fisheries around the world it is imperative to understand the trends in deaths, directly impacted by human behaviour and in turn visually understanding the deterioration, erosion and suffocation of the massacred coral fisheries. Approaching the issue in a new way may be communicated through understanding, temperature, light, colour, oxygen and so on.
Baker, A., Glynn, P. & Riegl B., 2008, ‘Climate change and coral reef bleaching: An ecological assessment of long-term impacts, recovery trends and future outlook’, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Science, Vol. 80, Pp. 435–471.
The Great Barrier Reef Marine Authority, Australian Government, 2016, ‘About the Reef’, The Australian Government, Viewed 18th September 2016, <http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/learn-about-the-reef/reef-beat-series/reef-beat-2016-threats-to-the-reef>.
Gleason, A., 2014, ‘Stefanie Posavec’s Intricate Information Design’, Trendland, Viewed 18th September 2016, <http://trendland.com/stefanie-posavecs-intricate-information-design/>.
Simborg, 2016, ‘Relationships with Between Scientific Paradigms’, Pinterest, Viewed 18th September 2016, <https://au.pinterest.com/pin/573153490060844069/>.
The Australian Government: Bureau of Meteorology, 2016, ‘Coral Bleaching’,The Australian Government, Viewed 18th September 2016, <http://www.bom.gov.au/oceanography/oceantemp/GBR_Coral.shtml>.