In week five working with pairs, we were asked to collaboratively map the issue of Asylum seekers and refugees and look at in detail at the stakeholders that are involved in the topic. The process included looking at various questions which highlighted the relationship between stakeholders in more detail, the controversies and disagreements involved, how they intersect and the emotions behind them all. During this exercise information about different parties in the issue were surfaced and all the conflicting issues between them. The aim of this exercise is to look at the relationship between these individuals and discover how they work and don’t work with one another.
The first step of the mapping process was writing down the stakeholders that we had from our previous map and analysing them further by looking at them more specifically. My partner and I looked at four different stakeholders that play an important role in the issue, the media, government, corporations and NGO. By looking at these four stakeholders I learned how heavily involved specific individuals are in the issue and the impact they all make. My partner listed all the different politicians and MPs who are known for their contribution in the government list and it came to my surprise that most of the people listed are negative towards refugees apart from the people involved with humanitarian rights. For a nation who accepts multiculturalism it is a shock that the government is so negative about letting these people in and helping them. It opens my eyes to how the government is responsible for all the hate that goes towards these refugees and asylum seekers as well sending them to detention centres. They are heavily involved with the creation of this issue in Australia and displacing these individuals from a right to safety.
Map one showing the stakeholders in more detail, the people who are specifically involved with the issue.
The second step was to map out the controversies that take place in regards to refugees and asylum seekers and look at the emotions that come out from them. My partner and I discussed the main controversies such as whether these refugees are legitimate, the racism towards them, the benefits they receive on acceptance and refoulment. When looking at these controversies in depth we both discovered how the emotional tone and framework behind them is quite sad and depressing. The reality behind these controversies are negative and most of them don’t have any positive aspects to them. Most of the controversies around refugees and asylum seekers involve hate, fear, sadness and distress. After looking at the emotions behind them I came to a realisation that if we want to fix these issues we must consider the emotions behind them and turn them into positive ones. Dwelling on the negative only causes more problems and by looking at them in a positive way only then we can fix them.
Map two shows the controversies and disagreements involved between stakeholders and the emotions behind them.
The last step in mapping was picking three different controversies and looking at the stakeholders involved within them and how they relate to one another. The three controversies we picked were legitimacy of refugees, detention centres and the responsibility to took after them. Once we looked at specifically who is involved where and how they connect with one another it became apparent of the names of individuals who keep popping up in all the issues and therefore are contributors or impact them. Stakeholders such as the media and government are the main parties that connected with all three controversies and are found to be impacting them in negative ways. Through this exercise it is clear to see the people who are constantly adding to the issue and making it worse instead of building on it and fixing it.
Map three shows how the stakeholders intersect with one another and shows the link of how they are involved in each controversy.
Overall the mapping exercise highlighted how important it is to consider the emotions behind a situation and the stakeholders who are involved with it. The relationship between specific stakeholder can be the key to finding out more information on different solutions to the problem and who is responsible for creating them. As stated in “Issue mapping for an Ageing Europe”, social issues should be understood through its actors and their movements. (Rogers, Sánchez-Querubín & Kil 2015) and (Latour, 2005, p. 5) portray the social not as a substance but instead as the movement of actors constantly in the process of (re)assembling, (re)associating and (dis)agreeing. By looking at the “actors” movements it becomes obvious to who is creating the issues and adding to them. My partner and I learnt a lot about how certain individuals/stakeholders keep contributing to the same issues and controversies and how they are creating further problems for the issue by being involved with one another. During this task I discovered information that would help me in my research and design strategy in approaching the issue of asylum seekers and refugees. Stakeholders are the key to information and how they work/relate to one another and emotion behind their actions can help bring a solution to the table as well as understand where the problems are created.
By Tamar Nazarian
Latour, Bruno (2005). Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.
Richard Rogers, Natalia Sánchez-Querubín and Aleksandra Kil. 2015 , Issue Mapping for an Ageing Europe, UTS Online, viewed 6 September 2016,<https://online.uts.edu.au/bbcswebdav/pid-1384987-dt-content-rid-8101130_1/courses/87831/569806-1.pdf>