POST 3: Mapping the Complexity of the Issue and Collecting Visual Perspectives

by Jessica Avelina Horo

Mapping the Participants

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Mapping human and non-human stakeholders (Horo & Tseu-Tjoa 2016)

In this stage, our class have divided into small groups of our chosen issue to make a stakeholders’ map. It is a map of all the participants and organisation involved in the issue. First, we make a map of human and non-human stakeholders. We basically just write any stakeholders that came to our mind as much as we can. There is no clear links what the relationship between them though.

Jessica Map.jpg

Then we worked on the more refined map, I started to understand the complexity of this refugee/asylum seekers issue in Australia. It becomes clear in the map, which part interconnected to each other and who affects whom.

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Image Archive

The following 10 photos have been collected over the past couple of weeks to show different findings and perspective that I found of the issue asylum seekers and refugee in Australia and around the world. Sometimes, a photo itself worths thousand words. It could convey its meaning or essence more effectively than words do. So let’s take a closer look at each photos:

PHOTO 1

Syrian refugees crossing (Teofilovski, O. 2015)

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This is a photo of Syrians crossed under a fence into Hungary at the border with Serbia, near Roszke, Aug. 27, 2015. I see a metal barbed wire, where my parents usually told me to avoid it. They are not something that I should be close by with and played with. However, this little family was forced to cross under the wired fence to cross the country. This is 2016, yet people still fighting for peace and they are forced to encounter such dangerous situation to have a better home.

PHOTO 2

Four-year-old Rashida from Kobani, Syria, sleeps as they wait at the border of Macedonia and Greece to enter into Macedonia (Teofilovski, O. 2015)

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This photo is on an articled called, These Are The Most Powerful Photographs Of The Syrian Refugee Crisis In 2015, picked by Lynzy Billing. It represent what is happening in Syria, where more than 4 million people have fled and with the conflict showing no sign of ending, let’s look back on the risky journeys men and women fleeing the country have taken. When I see this photo, my first reaction is “That’s not how a child sleeps”.  The conflict and the crisis can be difficult for people to understand, but there is nothing hard to understand about how children need a safe place to sleep. That is easy to understand. Children at those ages are supposed to having fun and learn a lot of new things in this phase of life. Instead of that, their hope has been taken by the crisis.

PHOTO 3

A paramilitary police officer carries the lifeless body of a child (Teofilovski, O. 2015)

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A paramilitary police officer carries the lifeless body of Aylan Kurdi, 3, after a number of refugees died or were reported missing after boats carrying them to the Greek island of Kos capsized near the Turkish resort of Bodrum, Sept. 2, 2015. Aylan’s family embarked on the perilous boat journey only after their bid to move to Canada was rejected. The tides also washed up the bodies of Aylan’s mother, Rehan, and his 5-year-old brother, Galip. Only Aylan’s father, Abdullah, survived the tragedy.

PHOTO 4

Operation Sovereign Borders in Australia (“No Way. You will not make Australia home.” n.d)

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This is a screenshot of the Operation Sovereign Borders in Australia. After the election of the Abbott government in 2013, Operation Sovereign Borders was mounted. The ad campaigns have been splashed across all media with a particular emphasis on television and on-line platforms. They have been produced in several different languages with the most widely played being ‘By boat, no visa’ and ‘No way. You will not make Australia home’. The latter also has been played in languages like Urdu and Albanian and is fronted by Lieutenant General Angus Campbell.

What shocked me the most is the tone and the language used in this video, Lieutenant Campbell mentioned, “This criminal will steal your money and put your life & family at risks”. It was super confronting and negative to the refugees. From this, we know how hateful Australia’s government was to refugees back in Abbott government. The message in this video is simple, everyone who come to Australia without visa or by boat will have no way to make Australia’s their home. There’s no exception, children, orphanages, adults, skilled workers or anyone without visa were not allowed to enter Australia.

PHOTO 5 

A message at a rally against refugee policy on June 19, 2016 in Sydney, Australia. (Thousands Rally To Support Refugees And Asylum Seekers At Star…)

Photo: Brook Mitchell

 

A message at a rally against refugee policy on June 19, 2016 in Sydney, Australia. The rally was organised as a show of public support for the closure the Manus Island and Nauru detention centres, and the safe resettlement of detained refugees in Australia. Refugee Week runs from 19 to 25 June 2016. This is such a provoking photo. I knew from my researches before, that there are a lot of organisations that holds art events to show refugees’ hidden talent. However, in the photo above, they put a note saying that the artist couldn’t join the exhibition because he/she are kept as political prisoner in an offshore detention centre. This notes could provoke sympathy from the visitors as they will feel bad knowing that such a talent are kept in the detention centre.

PHOTO 6

A mounted police officer leads a group of refugees near Dobova (Zivulovic, S. 2015)

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This is a photo of a mounted police officer leads a group of refugees near Dobova, Slovenia, Oct. 20, 2015. I always see photos of refugees trying to run away from cops and agents but this photo is different. They looked different in this photo though. They were just diligently following the police officer in front of them. I can sense the feeling hopeless in this photo. This photo helped me to see a different point of view of refugees and the government.

PHOTO 7 

Refugees sleep near the main bus station in Istanbul, Turkey (Aldermi, H. 2015)

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This is a photo of how refugees sleep near the main bus station in Istanbul, Turkey, Sept. 15, 2015. Refugees sleep near the main bus station in Istanbul, Turkey, Sept. 15, 2015. See what’s behind them? A landscape of city with lights and different people sleep in their own comfortable bed in a safe home. The refugees were basically sleep under the stars with no mattress and just blanket. What kind of day they should face tomorrow? What could be worse?

PHOTO 8

Rita Ora as a Refugee Survivor – Global Minorities Alliance, 2015

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The world can be a dark place for people seeking safety at the moment, full of war and danger and discrimination. The news gets worse and worse; but that doesn’t stop refugees from finding safety, and succeeding against the odds. So this year, for Refugee Week, they released photos of successful refugees to celebrate the contributions refugees have made – and think about the contributions refugees will continue to make to our country.

This is an photo I saw in the internet, Rita Ora, one of my favourite British singers. She is multi talented, as written in the photo, her singles have topped the UK charts and she is also a judge on X Factor and The Voice. That means she is no ordinary person, in her young age, she successfully topped her career to be the best. However, what we don’t know is that she is a refugee herself with her parents coming to UK in 1990s. I guess this photo shows that refugee are the same with everyone, they have talents and they have rights to pursue their dream even though they lost their home.

PHOTO 9

Asylum seekers look at the media from behind a fence at the Manus Island detention centre, Papua New Guinea (Reuters, T. 2016)

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Under Australian law, anyone intercepted trying to reach the country by boat is sent for processing to camps on the tiny Pacific island of Nauru or to Manus Island off Papua New Guinea (PNG). They are never eligible to be resettled in Australia.

Some asylum seekers have spent years in the camps, which have been criticized by the United Nations and human rights groups, with numerous reports of abuse and self-harm amongst detainees, including children. It was a weird situation portrayed in the photo. I saw children behind the wired bars and they are doing nothing wrong. They didn’t choose to be born in a conflicted country yet the government treated them like terrorist and prisoners.

PHOTO 10

A dinghy of Syrian refugees drifts in the Aegean sea (Berakis,  Y. 2015)

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A photo of a dinghy of Syrian refugees drifts in the Aegean sea between Turkey and Greece after its motor broke down off Kos, Aug. 11, 2015.  This may look simple but when I took a closer look of the photo, it just affect my emotions so much. It is a dinghy of Syrian refugees drifts in the Aegean sea between Turkey and Greece after its motor broke down off Kos, Aug. 11, 2015. I see a landscape of sea with no edge, sun/moon as red as blood and a boat full of people who just lost everything. When you really see the real situation in the photo, you can feel that they just people who don’t have much choices and decided to leave their home for a better future. With boats that could lost to the sea, dangerous trips, weeks of trips and no fixed plan for their future, what are we supposed to do to help them?

 

 

Image References:

Aldermi, H. 2015, Refugees sleep near the main bus station in Istanbul, viewed 19 August 2016, <https://www.buzzfeed.com/lynzybilling/these-are-the-most-powerful-photographs-of-the-syrian-refuge?utm_term=.ukVJL7O9Np#.kwBVgP2DBv&gt;.

Berakis,  Y. 2015, A dinghy of Syrian refugees drifts in the Aegean sea, viewed 19 August 2016, <https://www.buzzfeed.com/lynzybilling/these-are-the-most-powerful-photographs-of-the-syrian-refuge?utm_term=.ukVJL7O9Np#.kwBVgP2DBv&gt;.

Global Minorities Alliance, 2015, Refugee Week 2015: celebrate!, viewed 20 August 2016, <https://gmablog.org/2015/06/21/refugee-week-2015-celebrate/&gt;

“No Way. You will not make Australia home.” n.d., viewed 23 August 2016, <http://theconversation.com/friday-essay-worth-a-thousand-words-how-photos-shape-attitudes-to-refugees-62705&gt;.

Reuters, T. 2016, Asylum seekers look at the media from behind a fence, viewed 22 August 2016, <http://www.businessinsider.com/r-australia-agrees-to-close-controversial-refugee-detention-center-2016-8/?r=AU&IR=T&gt;.

Teofilovski, O. 2015, Four-year-old Rashida, viewed 19 August 2016, <https://www.buzzfeed.com/lynzybilling/these-are-the-most-powerful-photographs-of-the-syrian-refuge?utm_term=.ukVJL7O9Np#.kwBVgP2DBv&gt;.

Teofilovski, O. 2015, A paramilitary police officer carries the lifeless body, viewed 19 August 2016, <https://www.buzzfeed.com/lynzybilling/these-are-the-most-powerful-photographs-of-the-syrian-refuge?utm_term=.ukVJL7O9Np#.kwBVgP2DBv&gt;.

Teofilovski, O. 2015, Syrian refugees crossing, viewed 19 August 2016, <https://www.buzzfeed.com/lynzybilling/these-are-the-most-powerful-photographs-of-the-syrian-refuge?utm_term=.ukVJL7O9Np#.kwBVgP2DBv&gt;.

Thousands Rally To Support Refugees And Asylum Seekers At Star…, viewed 20 August 2016, <http://www.gettyimages.com.au/event/thousands-rally-to-support-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-at-start-of-refugee-week-647616669?#message-at-a-rally-against-refugee-policy-on-june-19-2016-in-sydney-picture-id541166078&gt;.

Zivulovic, S. 2015, A mounted police officer leads a group of refugees near Dobova, viewed 19 August 2016, <https://www.buzzfeed.com/lynzybilling/these-are-the-most-powerful-photographs-of-the-syrian-refuge?utm_term=.ukVJL7O9Np#.kwBVgP2DBv&gt;.

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