Post1: Creating a data set using secondary sources

Article one:

This article is about “The Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources”, the author is anonymous, but the author belongs to a communications foundation which is named GRACE. GRACE Communications Foundation develops innovative strategies to increase public awareness of the critical environmental and public health issues created by our current industrial food system, and to advocate for more sustainable alternatives. So they are trustworthy.

The author’s motivation to write the article is to advocate people to reduce emissions, to prevent climate change and protect our threatened freshwater sources. They may not be experts, but they are primarily concerned with food, water and energy and they focuses on sustainable development.

This article is under the water program which contains articles about climate the change. However I am not sure that those article other than this one are written by this anonymous author. The reason is that the author is not provided on the website. This article is opinion based, but it also quotes some research from NASA. The author thinks water, energy, agriculture and climate have a significant relationship.

The author mentioned the systems used to treat and move public water supplies require a large amounts of energy, and the energy is produced mainly by burning coal, natural gas, oil and other fossil fuels. Thus, when we use water we also use energy at the same time and contribute to climate change. I agree with the author to this point of view. There are lots of things we can do. Such as, reducing emissions by using public transportation with using less private vehicle.


Grace Communications Foundation, Water Program, viewed 10 August 2016, <;

Article two:

The second article is also from GRACE Communications Foundation, but is under food program which has explained food is other factor to contribute climate change.

The author wrote it for general people, food manufacturing and construction industry, because they are main factors of climate change. The author also mentioned that food waste and livestock production are the factors of climate change. The author did lots of research to this article. For example, Livestock production alone contributes to 18 percent of the global warming effect, more than the emissions from every single car, train, and plane on the planet.  Though livestock production only contributes 9 percent of carbon dioxide emissions, the sector is responsible for 37 percent of methane and 65 percent of nitrous oxide, both potent greenhouse gases. These statistics shows that the author has done some research and convinces the audience with actual number. Thus, they can be trusted.

The author’s m­­­otivation to write the article is that with the rapid growth of farming, which helps to address climate change with using less fertilizers and fossil fuel. This is concluded as organic and sustainable farms.

And this article is also opinion based and well researched. The author’s position is that every small thing around us can influence climate change, such as food waste and raising animals. In the conclusion, the author advocated people to eat less meat and dairy. Instead, people should choose to eat organic foods, whole food and to drink tap water. I agree with the author, because the rapid and radical twentieth-century transformation of our food system from sustainably based, locally focused production, to a fossil-fuel addicted industrialized system.


Grace Communications Foundation, Food Program, viewed 11 August 2016,


Article three:

In this article, the author investigated the smog in China. The author is Zach Sokol, who usually publishes articles in twitter. This article belongs to the website named the creators project. The website is a platform to polish global events, daily video and editorial content. In this article, the author focused on air pollution issue in china, he motivation is to let more people know how serious the smog issue is in China. According to his published article online, he seems not to be an expert, because he never wrote any article related to climate change. In addition, he wrote some article on blog which does not need to rely on any evidence support. I think this article is opinion based. Sokol thought Smog had been threatening people around the world. We should figure out more forward thinking proposed solutions to this issue.

And also, he took an example about “smog rings.” I am really interest into it, so I did some research about it. This picture comes below is an incredible design from a Dutch designer named Daan Roosegaarde. This design is a ring, which is to address the smog issue. Each ring comes with either a fake diamond made from soot or a stone with a cube of soot in the center, and Roosegaarde hopes the project will help bring awareness to the issue of air pollution. I think this idea that having a daily used accessory to throttle down smog issue matches my initial idea.

Smog ring



Larson, K. 2016, wearing 1000m3 of clean air, viewed 12 August 2016, <;

Lofgren, K. 2015, This ring is made of smog harvested from Beijing’s polluted skies, Inhabitat, viewed 12 August 2016, <;

Sokol, Z 2013, New Project Cleans The Smog Out Of China And Turns It Into Jewelry, The Creators Project, viewed 12 August 2016, <;

Article four:

This article is also about the relationship between smog and climate change. The author referred to soot and black carbon are another two reasons for global warming. Hickey is the author in this article. He is writing this article for general public, this article was published on the university of Washington website and part of international research, so I think it is under a professional body and trustworthy.

The author was motivated to write this article to control smog which can deliver more immediate climate benefits than trying to control carbon dioxide. She is an expert in University and Washington. Especially, Hickey mentioned black carbon, the soot particles in smoke and smog, which contributes about twice as much to global warming as previously estimated.

smog in Beijing

I think the experience, abundant research and critical thinking deduce that the author is an expert. Hickey actually has written about this issue before, such as “Will Puget Sound’s population spike under climate change?”, “climate change could cause more species of animals to interbreed” and “Warmer Pacific Ocean could release millions of tons of seafloor methane”. There are all worth reading.

In my opinion, this article is factual, opinion based and well researched. He did some research about black carbon, and collected some report surveyed past studies to prove his point. The author’s position in this article is reducing the use of black carbon to control climate change. Thus carbon dioxide emissions should also be reduced. I strongly agree with that the smog issue is pervasive not just in China.


Hickey, H. 2013, International study: Where there’s smoke or smog, there’s climate change, University of Washington, viewed 11 August 2016,<;

Sokol, Z 2013, New Project Cleans The Smog Out Of China And Turns It Into Jewelry, The Creators Project, viewed 12 August 2016, <;

Article five:

Is climate change related to airplane pollution? Actually, I had never thought about this question before until I found this article. This article is about the Obama announcing its plan to start regulating planet-warming pollution from airplanes, and setting off a battle between environmentalists and the airline industry. The author is Davenport C, who is a news from The New York Times. It is a professional body and trustworthy.

Davenport was motivated to write the article to make more people to realize airplane also has impact on climate change. Davenport is a regular contributor to The New York Times, and he/ she maybe is an expert. Because I saw Davenport has written lots of article about climate change before. I think this article is factual, editorial and rigorous.

There is no clear evidence showing the author’s position in this article. It is interesting to note that airline industry emission account for just 2 percent of global emissions. However many analysts still think airplane accelerate climate change. In my opinion, I agree with control the growth of airline industry to reduce air pollution and I think there are many different ways that can reduce airplane pollution. I read another article from The New York Times, which is about improving airplane by eliminating the shroud that surrounds most jet engines, and aerodynamic modifications that smooth the airflow over surfaces to reduce drag. And further improvement will as carbon free as possible and use new “clean sheet” aircraft designs. I think it is a good way to reduce air pollution cause by airplane emission.


Davenport, C. 2016, E.P.A. Moves to Regulate Emissions in Air Travel (The New York Times), 26 July, PP. A17, <;

Fountain, H. 2016, Rethinking the Airplane With Climate in Mind. (The New York Times), 11 January , PP. D1, < >

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