Post 2: The Outlook on Mental Health in Asylum Seekers and Refugees

By Jannie Mach

Notes: I shifted my research and fuse ‘Mental Health’ and ‘Asylum Seekers and Refugees’ together. Why? I thought about how can a possible human being can cope with all of these negativities. The use of secondary resources such as scholarly articles will help me find different viewpoints and further develop my understanding of the major issues.

A group of courageous human beings are crossing the big seas to seek for comfort.

A group of harmless human beings are branded by the Media, Government, and Community.

A group of innocence human beings wanting to seek justice and right for their loved ones.

The Relationship Between Post-Migration Stress and Psychological Disorders in Refugees and Asylum Seekers

“The refugee experience is characterised by violence, war, and persecution, which can have a long-lasting effects on psychological well-being.” (Li & Liddell & Nickerson 2016)

  • The Effect of Post-Migration Socioeconomic Factors on Refugee Mental Health
  • The Impact of Post-Migration and Interpersonal Factors on Refugee Mental Health
  • The Impact of the Asylum Process and Immigration Policies on Mental Health

The authors aim to analyse existing literature of matters that relates to post-migration stressors and mental health towards adult refugees and asylum seekers, and strategies for research in this area to build policy and practice. Their research evidence corresponds with post-migration factors and mental health outcomes towards asylum seekers and refugees.

Using a mass of resources to conduct their findings and investigation with profound studies e.g. Afghan and Kurdish refugees settled in Australian examined the effect of general self-efficacy on psychological distress and subjective well-being. Furthermore, using qualitative interviews with refugees from African backgrounds resettled in Australia to determine the changes to gender roles and as a result, “Males lose their status as the primary breadwinner and there is financial independence.” (Li & Liddell & Nickerson 2016)

They had faced many challenges and suggest that further research is needed to fill in the gaps. “The vast majority of research investigating the impact of post-migration stressors on refugee mental health has been cross-sectional in nature.” (Li & Liddell & Nickerson) Their finding indicates that psychological functioning of refugees is due to socioeconomic, interpersonal factors, social and the involvement of the asylum process and immigration policy.

I found this paper is well written with a clear and direct information providing evidence, discussion, challenges and the limitations of the existing research for the reader.

Asylum Seekers and Mental Illness in Australia: A Nursing Response

Anne Marie Assiri is a Master of Mental Health Nursing Student at Flinders University and Registered Nurse at the Department of Psychiatry at the Royal Hobart Hospital in Tasmania.

The paper explores the role of nursing profession takes part in the prevention of mental health of Asylum Seekers who arrive in Australia. Assiri states about building trust- in the nursing profession, “If the asylum seeker is to trust the nurse, there needs to be a demonstration that the nursing profession is involved in protecting the rights and needs of the Asylum Seeker, even if that position conflicts with current Government policy.” Also the need to protect the rights of Asylum Seekers, to inform and educated regarding the treatment of Asylum and providing health programs.

I agree, the requirement to design or have a better system is urgent not only in health but in areas such as Education.“Simple as networking between non-government organisations and charitable agencies, and by being aware of programs that promote health and holistic approach.” (Assiri 2014)

Moreover, the evidence is based on references from a wide range such as Australian Nursing Journals to American Journal of Public Health. The information is clear and concise but on the other hand more of the psychological effects on Asylum Seekers, which is quite similar to the other one I researched.

I believe the author is bringing awareness to the reader and touching on the significant role of nursing on views to have a voice or saying, “The message should be clear that the nursing profession will not sit silently while human violations are occurring to watch.” (Assiri 2014)

However, actions and voices must be thorough in helping and protecting the Asylum Seekers and Refugees due to the limits of the nursing practice. Plus, it’s quite interesting to look at a different perspective in view of Australian Nursing and Midwifery Council Competencies (ANMC) and the Code of Ethics for Nurses (COE).

Li, S.S.Y., & Lidell, B.J., Nickerson, A. 2016, ‘The Relationship Between Post-Migration Stress and Psychological Disorders in Refugees and Asylum Seekers’, Springer Science+Business Media, pp. 1-9.
Assiri, M. 2014, ‘Asylum Seekers and Mental Illness in Australia: A Nursing Response’, Clinical Update, vol. 21, no.9, pp. 33-35.