Creating a Data Set Using Secondary Sources
by Jennifer Guerim Kim
01. The 4 factors that drag Australians down
This article is written by a journalist, Matt Wade who has consistently brought attention on the complexity of humanitarian and developing challenges to encourage and get response with compassion and generosity from all Australian throughout his articles. Particularly, this article generates four important defects which are mental illness, obesity, long-term unemployment and income inequality that Australian should perceive what deteriorate the quality of life.
Especially, in my personal point of view, it was irony fact that how Australian, who seem like living their life as ‘well-being’ and eating fresh & healthy foods, became as one of most obese nation in the world. According to national health survey 2014-5 from Australian Bureau of Statistics, they reported as Overweight / Obese population increased as 63% of Australia from 56% in 1995 as like 11.2 million obese adults and 27% children. Moreover 1.0 million of population have type 2 diabetes in 2015 (National Health Survey, 2015).
Not only their health problem, it brought economic impacts on the costs of obesity, such as work absenteeism due to obesity — related illnesses and covering health care expense. The wellbeing cost of obesity has risen more than 80 per cent in the past decade to more than $130 billion a year, equivalent to about 8 % of annual output of the economy. I will research about what are related problem about Australian obesity and how Australian overcome barriers to improve people healthy living.
02. Junk food advertising in Canberra could be restricted to tackle childhood obesity
I wondered why childhood obesity is increased and how this outcome comes from? Obese children in Australia have a 25 to 50% change of becoming obese adults and this change increases with an increasing degree of overweight and the later into adolescence to excess body weight is carried.
According to survey from Dietitians Association of Australia, Australian children are consuming more than the recommended amount of sugar and saturated fat. Not only natural genetic cause of obesity from parents and lack of dietary of family food or physical educational activities at school for preventing risk for obesity and following obesity, but also Natasha reported that the ACT government pointed out seriousness of how Australian children are exposed inappropriate influences from media and an advertisement for junk food or any unhealthy goods.
Moreover, displaying sweetened goods at supermarket makes easy to young people get them. This article delivers fact that policymaker of ACT will consider the consultation that businesses offer more healthy options and that junk food advertising is reduced. I totally agree with government should invest input to make balance between food industry, the community and individual to find ways to make healthy options more accessible and affordable and marketed.
03. Should we still be choosing fat-free over full-fat products?
Obesity and living healthy is strongly related with intake nutrients evenly from foods, taking extra vitamins and healthy goods as fat-free or low fat. When we are doing grocery shopping, we have experienced to make decision with labels such as Light, 99% fat-free, reduced fat, low fat, reduced calorie etc products. Rebecca gives out a question to audience as does every fats in foods are “bad” for our health and how meaning of ‘fat’ was changing from past to present and also will develop value of fat in the future.
In mid-1900s, fat was assigned the highest value rather than macronutrients and people believed that a high-fat diet would lead to weight gain when”Atwater Factors” is discovered. And scientists researched that eating saturated fat and trans fat increase risk of coronary heart disease.This outcome let to an explosion in fat-free and reduced fat food products and marketing in present. However, various dietary guidelines currently and broadly has been issued that leads people suitable amount of overall fat intake and take care of saturated and trans fat due to detrimental effects on cardiovascular health. In future, we will have lots of processed carbohydrate options such as low in fibre and high in glycemic index in our supermarkets and food outlets.
“Recommend the more “pure” unsaturated fats in moderation as there is the high energy-density issue — eating high protein and dairy food options scubas lean meats, fish, some nuts; eating high unsaturated fat foods such as nut butters and olive oil in small amounts.”
04. The $250 million tax eight in ten Australians say they would support
While I was collecting articles about obesity and healthy living, I found a new word called as ‘Sugar tax’ which is tax on sugar sweetened beverages to promote reducing sugar consumption in overall and aim to encourage healthy diets and offset the growing economic costs of obesity. Sue reported that 80% of Australia would support a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) if the revenue was spent on trying to tackle childhood obesity and increase participation in sport. Government suggests that they will invest on subsiding healthy food and create various healthy programs to reduce childhood obesity as encouraging children to play sport. Particularly, they try to avoid fast food and sugar-sweetened beverage sponsorship of children’s sport. Moreover, to encourage Australian drink pure water in convenient they provide more access to water fountains in public spaces. However, there are various negative points of view of taxation of SSBs and I’m interested in how Australian researchers will suggest on solving conflicts and what succession cases of other nations to adopt sugar tax.
05. Sprawling Sydney makes it hard to walk and it’s bad for our health
This article drives new points of view about Australian healthy living in environmental matter and relationship between urban design and health. Tim address Sydney as “compact city” where is well served by mass transportations and has higher density provides opportunities for walking and has a healthier population. This kind of walkable urban places are called by ‘Walk-ups’ which gain market share over their drivable suburban competition and it approaches dominated real estate development. Particularly, I think it was interested that “density” of population on walkable cities develop as the most educated and wealthy compare with the western Sydney where has dilemma to take disadvantages from poor condition to serving public transport and increasing the diabetes and obesity population as well. However, following outcomes of density city is continuing to rise costs of housing, so, Tim predicts that this inequity of access to the benefits of density and walkability will persist or worsen. Through this article, I get the chance to recognise new perspective how urban design impact on economics, inequality society and healthy living.
Natasha. B 2016, Junk food advertising in Canberra could be restricted to tackle childhood obesity, The Sydney Morning Herald, viewed 15 Aug 2016, <http://www.smh.com.au/national/health/junk-food-advertising-in-canberra-could-be-restricted-to-tackle-childhood-obesity-20160607-gpdh54.html >.
Reynolds. R. C. 2016, Should we still be choosing fat-free over full-fat products?, The Sydney Morning Herald, viewed 03 Aug 2016, <http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/diet-and-fitness/should-we-still-be-choosing-fatfree-over-fullfat-products-20160612-gphkl8.html>.
Sue, D. 2016, The $250 million tax eight in ten Australian say they would support, The Australian, viewed 02 Aug 2016, <http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/health/the-250-million-tax-eight-in-ten-australians-say-they-would-support/news-story/c98fa7972cfd2df50ad71552f66bc032>.
Wade. M 2016, The Four Factors that drag Australians down, The Sydney Morning Herald, viewed 02 Aug 2016, <http://www.smh.com.au/comment/the-four-things-that-drag-australia-down-20160607-gpdfrg.html>.
William, T. 2016, Sprawling Sydney makes it hard to walk and it’s bad for our health, The Sydney Morning Herald, viewed 03 Aug 2016, <http://www.smh.com.au/comment/its-hard-to-walk-around-in-sydney-and-it-is-making-us-fat-20160721-gqahdl.html>.